How can polio be prevented in cattle?

How can polio be prevented in cattle?

Treatment and Prevention The treatment of choice for polioencephalomalacia regardless of cause is thiamine administration at a dosage of 10 mg/kg, three to four times daily, for cattle or small ruminants.

Is polio in cattle contagious?

There are four main metabolic diseases feedlot operators need to be aware of: polioencephalomalacia (polio), acidosis, rumenitis and bloat. Unlike respiratory diseases, these are not infectious diseases and therefore are not contagious.

What causes thiamine deficiency in cattle?

Thiamine deficiency can be caused by reduced production by rumen microbes or factors that affect the action of thiamine eg. plant thiaminases or thiamine analogues. Thiaminases can be produced by gut bacteria or ingested and can either destroy thiamine or hinder the thiamine function.

What causes diseases in cattle?

Direct causes of disease are: (1) bacteria, (2) viruses, (3) parasites, (4) fungi, (5) nutritional deficiencies, (6) chemical poisons, and (7) unknown causes. Infectious diseases are the greatest threat to livestock health. They are caused by bacteria, viruses, rickettsia and fungi.

Can baby calves get polio?

Calves suddenly go down and die in a manner similar to polio (described later), but on necropsy by the veterinarian, it’s not found to be polio. pathology. Most have surmised it is caused by a virus but that is not known with any certainty. True polioencephalomalacia, on the other hand, has a known cause.

Is polio a virus or bacteria?

Polio is a viral disease which may affect the spinal cord causing muscle weakness and paralysis. The polio virus enters the body through the mouth, usually from hands contaminated with the stool of an infected person. Polio is more common in infants and young children and occurs under conditions of poor hygiene.

How do you treat thiamine deficiency in cattle?

Animals need to be treated with vitamin B1 injections twice daily for at least 3 days. Less severe signs mean a better chance of recovery. Animals who have had severe signs may be left with permanent damage to the brain. Calves that respond will usually recover in 12 to 24 hours.

What causes blindness in cattle?

Deficiency of vitamin A is a well-known nutritional cause of blindness in cattle at any age. It occurs in cattle when plasma and liver levels fall below 0.7 μmol/L (0.2 ppm) and 2 μg/g respectively, and is often due to suboptimal amounts of green forage intake for a prolonged time (2–4).

What is the most common disease in cattle?

Common Diseases of Grazing Beef Cattle

  1. Bloat. The incidence of bloat in cattle grazing legumes is well documented.
  2. Grass Tetany. Grass tetany is a serious problem in many livestock herds.
  3. Prussic acid poisoning.
  4. Hardware Disease.
  5. White Muscle Disease.
  6. Foot Rot.

How can cattle diseases be prevented?

Many diseases can be prevented through good herd management, proper nutrition and vaccinations. Cattle should receive specific vaccinations such as vaccinations for anthrax, infectious bovine rhinotracheitis (IBR) and many other diseases.

How much thiamine do you give a calf?


Horses 100 – 1000 mg
Cattle 200 – 1000 mg
Calf 5 – 50 mg
Sheep 20 – 200 mg