What are IDocs in SAP?
IDoc (intermediate document) is a standard data structure used in SAP applications to transfer data to and from SAP system applications and external systems. Using IDocs, companies with SAP ERP systems, for example, can exchange data with external entities like their partners or customers.
What is the difference between inbound and outbound IDocs?
Inbound IDOC : These are IDOCs which get the data into SAP system from external source i.e PI system or any other external system. Outbound IDOC: These are IDOCs which are sent out from SAP system to any other system.
What is IDoc port?
The port is the communication channel to which IDocs are sent. The port describes the technical link between the sending and receiving systems. The driver can be configured to support a connection via a TRFC port or to consume IDocs distributed via a File port.
How do I set up IDoc?
Create IDoc Type
- Go to transaction code WE30.
- Enter the name of the object, select the Basic type, and click the Create icon.
- Select a new option to create and enter a description for your basic IDoc type and press Enter.
- Pick the name of the IDoc, and then press create an icon.
Why IDocs are used in SAP?
The purpose of an IDoc is to transfer data or information from SAP to other systems and vice versa. The transfer from SAP to non-SAP system is done via EDI (Electronic Data Interchange) subsystems whereas for transfer between two SAP systems, ALE is used. IDoc can be triggered in SAP system or in EDI subsystem.
What is ALE and EDI in SAP?
ALE is technology for SAP mainly use to transfer data between SAP systems. EDI is the independent technology use to transfer data between two systems, they can be SAP systems or non SAP systems. The basic difference with ALE and EDI is ALE used for internal communications and EDI is meant for external communications.
How are IDOCs processed in SAP?
In case of outbound flow, IDoc is triggered in SAP through document message control which is then sent to EDI subsystem. EDI converts the data from IDoc into XML or equivalent format and then sends the data to partner system through Internet. For inbound flow, EDI converts partner data and IDoc is created in SAP.
Which database table is involved in distributing IDocs in sequence?
An IDoc can exist in different forms, but usually an IDoc can be found as database entry in an SAP system, where the following tables are being used: EDIDC, EDID4, EDIDS. The EDIDC table contains the data of the control record, the EDID4 table for the data records, and the EDIDS table for the status records.
How do you use IDoc?
You select the students you want to participate in IDOC by submitting an electronic file or linking your service to CSS Profile. You tell us which forms you want your applicants to submit and the date you need them. We contact students on your behalf and they send documents directly to us.
How do I create an inbound iDoc?
The requirement is to create an Inbound IDOC in the same system….We can create a custom program and call function module ‘IDOC_INBOUND_WRITE_TO_DB’ to create the Inbound IDOC.
- Populating the Data Record:
- Populating the Control Record:
- Call the IDOC creating Function module:
How do I create a port for my receiver?
Set up a receiver port:
- Open transaction WE21 (Ports in IDoc processing).
- Select Transactional RFC, click Ports, and click the Create icon.
- Type a name for the port and click OK.
- Type the name of the destination that you created in the previous task (or select it from the list).
- Save your entry.
How do IDocs work?
The purpose of an IDoc is to transfer data or information from SAP to other systems and vice versa. EDI converts the data from IDoc into XML or equivalent format and then sends the data to partner system through Internet. For inbound flow, EDI converts partner data and IDoc is created in SAP.