What are some common diseases of the endocrine system?
Common endocrine disorders include diabetes mellitus, acromegaly (overproduction of growth hormone), Addison’s disease (decreased production of hormones by the adrenal glands), Cushing’s syndrome (high cortisol levels for extended periods of time), Graves’ disease (type of hyperthyroidism resulting in excessive thyroid …
What is osteoarticular disease?
Rheumatic and osteoarticular diseases (including Osteoarthritis, Rheumatoid Arthritis, Osteoporosis) represent the most diffuse chronic conditions in the elderly, which affect the individual’s working abilities and autonomy, as well as life expectancy.
What are 3 types of endocrine disorders?
Types of Endocrine Disorders
- Adrenal insufficiency. The adrenal gland releases too little of the hormone cortisol and sometimes, aldosterone.
- Cushing’s disease. Overproduction of a pituitary gland hormone leads to an overactive adrenal gland.
- Gigantism (acromegaly) and other growth hormone problems.
Is osteoarthritis an endocrine?
The pathological changes that occur in OA are the result of the action of biomechanical forces coupled with multiple autocrine, paracrine and endocrine cellular events that lead to a breakdown of the normal balance in tissue turnover within the joint [3, 4].
What is the most common endocrine disease?
In the United States, the most common endocrine disease is diabetes. There are many others. They are usually treated by controlling how much hormone your body makes.
What are the 2 major types of endocrine disorder?
There are two major types of Endocrine disorders. These include: Endocrine disease due to a hormonal imbalance. Endocrine disease due to formation of lesions in the endocrine system.
What is osteoarticular tuberculosis?
Osteoarticular tuberculosis is a rare inflammatory joint disease with an indolent and insidious presentation. Early detection is crucial to aid in proper treatment to avoid the characteristically progressive destruction and permanent joint deformity that will develop if left untreated.
What is osteoarticular sporotrichosis?
Abstract. Sporotrichosis is a frequent subcutaneous mycosis in Madagascar. Extracutaenous forms are exceptional and are usually seen in immunosuppressed hosts. We report a case of an aggressive clinical evolution of lymphocutaneous sporotrichosis with osteoarticular involvement in an immunocompetent patient.
How does arthritis affect the endocrine system?
Defects in the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis have been observed in patients with RA. Prolactin levels are often elevated and abnormal sex hormone levels have been described in RA patients. Defective neural regulation of inflammation involving neuropeptides at least partly plays a pathogenic role in RA.
Is rheumatoid arthritis endocrine?
Endocrine Hormones in RA Several hormones are known to be involved or associated with inflammatory joint diseases such as RA, suggesting crosstalk between the endocrine hormones and immunity as recently highlighted (10). In addition, cortisol is known as the strongest endogenous anti-inflammatory hormone (11).
Is Crohn’s disease an endocrine disorder?
Endocrine system changes belong to manifestations too. Interaction is mutual, Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis cause functional and morphological changes of endocrine tissues. On the other hand the endocrine disorders negatively influence the course of bowel disease.
What is osteoarthritis Wikipedia?
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a type of degenerative joint disease that results from breakdown of joint cartilage and underlying bone. The most common symptoms are joint pain and stiffness. Usually the symptoms progress slowly over years. Initially they may occur only after exercise but can become constant over time.