What are the 10 standard infection control precautions?
The 10 Standard Infection Control Precautions (SICP)
- Patient assessment for infection risk.
- Hand hygiene.
- Respiratory and cough hygiene.
- Personal protective equipment (PPE)
- Safe management of equipment.
- Safe management of environment.
- Safe management of blood and body fluids.
- Safe management of linen.
What are the 5 moments of hand hygiene?
On this page:
- The 5 Moments.
- Moment 1 – before touching a patient.
- Moment 2 – before a procedure.
- Moment 3 – after a procedure or body fluid exposure risk.
- Moment 4 – after touching a patient.
- Moment 5 – after touching a patient’s surroundings.
What are the 5 standard precautions for infection control?
- Hand hygiene.
- Use of personal protective equipment (e.g., gloves, masks, eyewear).
- Respiratory hygiene / cough etiquette.
- Sharps safety (engineering and work practice controls).
- Safe injection practices (i.e., aseptic technique for parenteral medications).
- Sterile instruments and devices.
What are the 6 hand washing techniques?
The 6 step guide
- Wash palms of hands.
- Wash between fingers at back of hands.
- Wash between fingers palm to palm.
- Wash palm area.
- Pay particular attention to thumb area and thumb joint.
- Wash finger tips paying particular attention to nails and dry hands well with clean disposable towel discarding correctly.
What should be avoided during hand washing?
Using the toilet, changing a diaper or cleaning up a child who has used the toilet. Touching an animal, animal feed or animal waste. Blowing your nose, coughing or sneezing. Handling garbage….How to use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer
- Apply the gel product to the palm of one hand.
- Rub your hands together.
What are the 3 methods of infection control?
- hand hygiene and cough etiquette.
- the use of personal protective equipment (PPE)
- the safe use and disposal of sharps.
- routine environmental cleaning.
- incorporation of safe practices for handling blood, body fluids and secretions as well as excretions .
What are the 3 levels of hand hygiene?
There are three separate types of handwashing. They are social handwashing, antiseptic handwashing, and surgical handwashing….There are several important points that everyone should keep in mind.
- Social Handwashing.
- Antiseptic Handwashing.
- Surgical Handwashing.
What are the 7 steps of hand hygiene?
What are the 7 Steps of Hand Washing?
- Step 1: Wet Hands. Wet your hands and apply enough liquid soap to create a good lather.
- Step 2: Rub Palms Together.
- Step 3: Rub the Back of Hands.
- Step 4: Interlink Your Fingers.
- Step 5: Cup Your Fingers.
- Step 6: Clean the Thumbs.
- Step 7: Rub Palms with Your Fingers.
Why is hand washing important in infection control?
Handwashing with soap removes germs from hands. This helps prevent infections because: People frequently touch their eyes, nose, and mouth without even realizing it. Removing germs through handwashing therefore helps prevent diarrhea and respiratory infections and may even help prevent skin and eye infections.
What are the basic principles of infection control?
These include standard precautions (hand hygiene, PPE, injection safety, environmental cleaning, and respiratory hygiene/cough etiquette) and transmission-based precautions (contact, droplet, and airborne).
What are the 7 steps of hand washing?
7 steps of handwashing
- Step 0: Wet your hands and apply soap.
- Step 1: Rub your palms together.
- Step 2: Rub the back of each hand with interlaced fingers.
- Step 3: Rub your hands together with interlaced fingers.
- Step 4: Rub the back of your fingers.
- Step 5: Rub your thumbs.
- Step 6: Rub the tips of your fingers.
What are the 3 types of hand washing?
What are the standard precautions for hand hygiene in a hospital?
Standard Precautions include hand hygiene (hand washing with soap and water or use of an alcohol-based hand sanitizer) before and after patient contact and after contact with the immediate patient care environment, even if gloves are worn.
Why is good hand hygiene so important?
Good infection control and hand hygiene are important even in the best of times. It prevents the rapid spread of microorganisms that can cause illnesses, such as colds and flu, as well as food poisoning bacteria.
What is the most important way to prevent infection?
Maintaining good personal hygiene by frequently washing your hands and not touching your mouth, nose, or eyes is therefore the most important way to prevent the virus from spreading. When is the use of gloves in infection control vital?
What is the best temperature to wash your hands?
Water should be hot, between 35 ºC and 45 ºC, when you wash your hands. This is most effective for breaking down and removing contamination from your hands. What should you use to dry your hands after washing them?