What are the 4 macromolecules?

What are the 4 macromolecules?

There are four major classes of biological macromolecules (carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids), and each is an important component of the cell and performs a wide array of functions. Combined, these molecules make up the majority of a cell’s mass.

What are the 5 elements in macromolecules?

There are four classes of macromolecules (polysaccharides or carbohydrates, triglycerides or lipids, polypeptides or proteins, and nucleic acids such as DNA & RNA). Carbohydrates and lipids are made of only carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen (CHO). Proteins are made of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen (CHON).

What is the formula for macromolecules?

Comparing the Biological Macromolecules

Macromolecule Basic Formula, key features Monomer
Proteins CHON −NH2 + −COOH +R group Amino acids
Lipids C:H:O Greater than 2:1 H:O (carboxyl group) Fatty acid and glycerol
Carbohydrates C:H:O 1:2:1 Monosaccharides
Nucleic Acids CHONP pentose, nitrogenous base, phosphate Nucleotides

What are the 4 main macromolecules and their functions?

Nucleic acids: Stores and transfers info.

  • Carbohydrates; Store energy, provide fuel, and build structure in body, main source of energy, structure of plant cell wall.
  • Lipid: Insulator and stores fat and energy.
  • Protein: Provide structural support,transport, enzymes, movement, defense.
  • What are the 7 macromolecules?

    Types of biological macromolecules

    Biological macromolecule Building blocks
    Carbohydrates Monosaccharides (simple sugars)
    Lipids Fatty acids and glycerol
    Proteins Amino acids
    Nucleic acids Nucleotides

    What are macromolecules and Micromolecules?

    Unlike micromolecules, macromolecules are relatively larger molecules with a high molecular weight. Macromolecules are made up of small micromolecules known as monomers bonded together. Therefore, micromolecules are monomers forming a polymer macromolecule. For example, proteins are made up of monomers of amino acids.

    What macromolecule is ho?

    Comparing the Biological Macromolecules

    Macromolecule Basic Formula, key features Uses
    Lipids C:H:O Greater than 2:1 H:O (carboxyl group) Energy storage; Protection; Chemical messengers; Repel water
    Carbohydrates C:H:O 1:2:1 Energy storage; Structure
    Nucleic Acids CHONP pentose, nitrogenous base, phosphate Genetic information

    What type of molecule is CH2OH?

    Chemical Structure Description The CH2OH molecule contains a total of 4 bond(s) There are 1 non-H bond(s) and 1 hydroxyl group(s). The 2D chemical structure image of CH2OH is also called skeletal formula, which is the standard notation for organic molecules.

    What are the 6 macromolecules?

    What are macromolecules Class 11?

    Macromolecules are large complex molecules present in the colloidal state in the intercellular fluid. They are formed by the condensation of low molecular weight micromolecules and hence, are polymeric in nature. Polysaccharides, proteins, and nucleic acids are common examples of macromolecules.

    What are the symbols in flowcharting?

    Flowchart Symbol Name Description; Process symbol: Also known as an “Action Symbol,” this shape represents a process, action, or function. It’s the most widely-used symbol in flowcharting. Start/End symbol: Also known as the “Terminator Symbol,” this symbol represents the start points, end points, and potential outcomes of a path.

    What does the tape symbol represent in a flowchart?

    Also referred to as the “Data Symbol,” this shape represents data that is available for input or output as well as representing resources used or generated. While the paper tape symbol also represents input/output, it is outdated and no longer in common use for flowchart diagramming.

    What does a parallelogram symbol mean in flowchart?

    What does a parallelogram flowchart symbol mean? A parallelogram represents data in a flowchart. Data is either input a process requires or an output that the process hands off to the next step.

    How do you make a simple flowchart?

    The first step is to use the Oval Symbol to mark the start of the flowchart. In a conventional flowchart, the parallelogram comes first as it shows the output or input. In this case, the output is recorded in step 2. In the next step, you insert the rectangle symbol, which represents the process involved in order to get a result.