What are the elements of communicative competence?

What are the elements of communicative competence?

Communicative Competence

  • grammatical (ability to create grammatically correct utterances),
  • sociolinguistic (ability to produce sociolinguistically appropriate utterances),
  • discourse (ability to produce coherent and cohesive utterances), and.
  • strategic (ability to solve communication problems as they arise).

What are the types of communicative strategy?


  • Nomination- collaboratively and productively establish a topic.
  • Restriction- limitation you may have as a speaker.
  • Turn-taking- process by which people decide who takes the conversational floor.
  • Topic control- covers how procedural formality or informality affects the development of topic in conversations.

What is sociolinguistics and examples?

Sociolinguistics is defined as the study of how the people around you and your heritage can change the way you speak. An example of sociolinguistics is a study of Spanish and English being spoken together as Spanglish. noun.

How important is communicative competence?

Communicative competence is important in higher education because language functions to enable students to acquire knowledge and skills in the various disciplines; and to develop individuals into intellectual, social, and civic beings to the benefit of the society.

Why is it important to learn sociolinguistic competence?

Most importantly, sociolinguistic competence also has a strong role in the way learners use the language they are learning to enrich the knowledge they possess. For this reason, as a conclusion, it is important to note that learning a language includes learning everything behind the language and beyond the grammar.

What are three communication factors?

The three components of a communication, from a pragmatic point of view, are: Locution–the semantic or literal significance of the utterance; Illocution–the intention of the speaker; and. Perlocution–how it was received by the listener.

Why is communicative language teaching important?

Successful communication in the target language is the main goal of communicative language teaching. A student who communicates more information with a few mistakes is more likely to communicate successfully than one who conveys very little with no mistakes. The approach is designed to motivate students to communicate.

What is sociolinguistic competence?

Sociolinguistic competence is the knowledge of sociocultural rules of use, i.e. knowing how to use and respond to language appropriately. The appropriateness depends on the setting of the communication, the topic, and the relationships among the people communicating.

How do you develop discourse competence?

Pirez Martin points out some examples of exercises to develop the discourse competence: 1. Lexical cohesion devices in context (e.g. use of synonyms) 2. Grammatical cohesion devices in context (e.g. ellipsis, logical connectors, parallel structures ) 3. Identify the clauses which has the thesis statement.

What are the 5 characteristics of communication?

Characteristics of communications are given below:

  • (1) Two or More Persons:
  • (2) Exchange of Ideas:
  • (3) Mutual Understanding:
  • (4) Direct and Indirect Communication:
  • (5) Continuous Process:
  • (6) Use of Words as well as Symbols:

What are the four key points of competent communication?

The four key competencies in competent communication are linguistic competency, sociolinguistic competency, discourse competency and strategic competency, according to the National Capital Language Resource Center.

What is the importance of sociolinguistics?

Sociolinguists are interested in how we speak differently in varying social contexts, and how we may also use specific functions of language to convey social meaning or aspects of our identity. Sociolinguistics teaches us about real-life attitudes and social situations.

What consists of discourse competence?

Discourse competence can be defined as the ability to use (produce and recognize) coherent and cohesive texts in an oral or written form (Bachman 1990b, p. 29).

Why is a discourse important in learning?

Practicing Reasoning and Expression Rich classroom discourse offers students a way to express their ideas, reasoning, and thinking. Classroom discourse can be a central element of acquiring mathematical knowledge and understanding the nature of mathematics.

What are the three components of communicative competence?

In the CEF, communicative competence is conceived only in terms of knowledge. It includes three basic components – language competence, sociolin- guistic competence and pragmatic competence. Thus, strategic competence is not its componential part.

What is an example of communication competence?

For example, a competent communicator will engage in turn taking when in conversations instead of interrupting. A competent communicator would know when it is appropriate to ask questions to further the conversation, and read nonverbal cues/feedback from the receiver to know when the conversation is over.

Why do we need to study the types of communicative competence?

Answer. Answer: Knowing more about the communicative competence is beneficial for teachers to teach students with the proper methods, at the same time, help students to learn a certain language effectively. They are the knowledge of the language form and function as well as the discourse knowledge.

How do you develop sociolinguistic competence?

The strategies include the following.

  1. Making Pragmatic Features Explicit. Pragmatic features are the different meanings that a word or message implies.
  2. Promoting Oral and Written Discourse.
  3. Raising Social and Cultural Awareness.
  4. Using Visual Materials.
  5. Using Grammar in Context.

How can discourse competence be improved?

It is one of the most important key factors to know how to improve communicative competence.

  1. Remember what it is like not to be familiar with the topic.
  2. Reduce social and speaking anxiety.
  3. Visualize the content beforehand.
  4. Control posture and breathing.
  5. Remember to Connect to your audience (sociolinguistic nuance)

How do you achieve communicative competence?

  1. State ideas clearly.
  2. Communicate ethically.
  3. Recognize when it is appropriate to communicate.
  4. Identify their communication goals.
  5. Select the most appropriate and effective medium for communicating.
  6. Demonstrate credibility.
  7. Identify and manage misunderstandings.
  8. Manage conflict.