What are the key nursing responsibilities when treating hypoglycaemia?

What are the key nursing responsibilities when treating hypoglycaemia?

It is the nurse’s responsibility to assess for signs and symptoms of hypoglycemia, as indicated above, and to report any abnormal findings. It is also the nurse’s responsibility to assess that medications are taken as prescribed and report any possible side effects of hypoglycemia.

What is the currently recommended goal for glucose control in critically ill patients?

Current recommendation of glycemic control in ICU as per American Diabetic Association is to initiate insulin therapy for blood sugar at or above 180 mg/dl and to keep the glucose range between 140-180 mg/dl for majority of critically ill patient.

How do you manage hyperglycemia in ICU?

Continuous intravenous insulin infusion is the most rational and physiologic method of management of hyperglycemia in ICU. Various studies have demonstrated that this method is safe, effective and flexible [2, 26, 27, 28]. It is imperative however to monitor blood glucose hourly and titrate the rate.

What is the emergency management for hypoglycemia?

Immediate treatment of severe hypoglycemia Hypoglycemia is considered severe if you need help from someone to recover. For example, if you can’t eat, you might need glucagon injection or intravenous glucose. In general, people with diabetes who are treated with insulin should have a glucagon kit for emergencies.

What is the nursing management of hyperglycemia?

Monitor your blood glucose as directed by your doctor. Check more often if you’re ill or you’re concerned about severe hyperglycemia or hypoglycemia. Adjust your insulin doses to control hyperglycemia. Adjustments to your insulin program or a supplement of short-acting insulin can help control hyperglycemia.

What is nursing management of a patient?

Nursing management consists of the performance of the leadership functions of governance and decision-making within organizations employing nurses. It includes processes common to all management like planning, organizing, staffing, directing and controlling.

What is meant by glycemic control?

Glycemic control is a medical term referring to the typical levels of blood sugar (glucose) in a person with diabetes mellitus.

Why are ICU patients on insulin?

In a study of 240 patients with traumatic brain injury, intensive insulin therapy reduced infection rates, shortened the patient’s stay in ICU and improved neurologic outcomes compared with conventional insulin therapy.

Why is treatment of hyperglycemia during critical illnesses important?

Raised blood glucose (hyperglycemia) is a common feature of critical illness associated with increased risk of death. A landmark study published in 2001 demonstrated that intensive insulin therapy directed at normalizing blood glucose significantly reduced mortality among the critically ill patient population studied.

Why do critically ill patients have hyperglycemia?

In critically ill patients, hyperglycemia is a consequence of many factors, including increased levels of cortisol, catecholamines, glucagon, and growth hormone, as well as increased gluconeogenesis, and glycogenolysis [1]. Insulin resistance may also be a contributing factor [2].

What are the management of hypoglycemia in conscious and unconscious?

You can manage mild hypoglycemia by eating fast-acting carbohydrates. This will help boost your blood sugar levels quickly. If you become too disoriented to swallow, start having seizures, or lose consciousness, you won’t be able to safely eat or drink carbohydrates. Instead, someone will need to give you glucagon.

How do you administer glucose?

Glucose can be given orally (swallowed), but also inside the cheek against the buccal mucosa (‘buccal administration’), under the tongue (‘sublingual administration’) or via the rectal route. In the latter three ways of treatment, the glucose is not being swallowed as with the oral route.

What are the major issues of glycemic management among critically ill patients?

It also aims to provide perspective regarding major issues of glycemic management among critically-ill patients: hyperglycemia, hypoglycemia, glycemic variability, and premorbid diabetic status. HYPERGLYCEMIA Elevated blood sugar levels are commonly seen among critically ill patients, including those without a known history of diabetes.

Is glucose control in critical care critical?

This review provides a survey of key studies on glucose control in critical care, and aims to deliver perspective regarding glycemic management among critically-ill patients. Core tip: Glucose control among critically-ill patients has been an area of active research and considerable controversy in the past 15 years.

When should insulin be given to critically ill patients?

Current guidelines regarding glycemic management of critically-ill patients advocate initiating insulin infusions for blood glucose measurements in excess of 150 mg/dL, with the goal of maintaining blood glucose less than 180 mg/dL[40].

Why do critical ill patients develop high blood sugar levels?

Elevated blood sugar levels are commonly seen among critically ill patients, including those without a known history of diabetes. There are many reasons why patients undergoing treatment for critical illness develop hyperglycemia, and these reasons include both effects of endogenous stress responses and byproducts of medical interventions.