What does OMON mean in Russian?

What does OMON mean in Russian?

Special Purpose Mobile Unit
OMON (Russian: ОМОН—Отряд мобильный особого назначения, Otryad Mobilniy Osobogo Naznacheniya, Special Purpose Mobile Unit) is a system of special police units of Politsiya within the Russian and previously the Soviet MVD (Ministry of Internal Affairs).

What is the Russian equivalent of Swat?


Special Purpose Mobile Unit Отряд Мобильный Особого Назначения Otryad Mobil’nyy Osobogo Naznacheniya
Abbreviation OMOH/ОMON
Agency overview
Formed 5 May 1919
Preceding agency Otryad Militsii Osobogo Naznacheniya

Did Russia invade Chechnya?

Although Putin denied a ground invasion was being prepared, tens of thousands of Russian troops were ordered into the breakaway Muslim-majority region along with an aerial and artillery bombardment that leveled Grozny. On October 1, 1999, Vladimir Putin ordered a ground offensive into Chechnya.

Is Russia still fighting Chechnya?

There was vast destruction of the Chechen capital in the Battle of Grozny. The Russian military established control over Grozny in early February 2000, officially ending the war, with insurgency and hostilities continuing for several years. The end of the conflict was proclaimed in 2017, ending a decades-long struggle.

What does Oman mean?

Definitions of Oman. a strategically located monarchy on the southern and eastern coasts of the Arabian Peninsula; the economy is dominated by oil. synonyms: Muscat and Oman, Sultanate of Oman. example of: Asian country, Asian nation. any one of the nations occupying the Asian continent.

Is the KGB still active?

On 3 December 1991, the KGB was officially dissolved. It was later succeeded in Russia by the Foreign Intelligence Service (SVR) and what would later become the Federal Security Service (FSB).

What is Russian camo?

Currently, EMR is the main camouflage used by the Russian Armed Forces. The Armed Forces of Belarus uses it as their standard camouflage. However, it’s believed that the Belarusian version of the EMR has a slightly different color scheme.

What guns do Russian police carry?


  • AK-74M.
  • AKS-74U.
  • AS Val.
  • OTs-14 Groza.
  • PP-19 Bizon.
  • 9A-91 carbine.
  • A-91 rifle.
  • Makarov pistol.

What was the role of OMON in the Chechnya war?

The independent Chechnya had an OMON battalion prior to the war, but it was not battle trained, and did not play any significant role as an organized force before disintegrating. During the armed conflict, almost every Russian city would be regularly sending militsiya groups, often OMON members, for tours of usually three or four months.

What is the OMON in Russia?

Moscow OMON, and units brought from other cities, clashed with anti-Yeltsin demonstrators during the 1993 Russian constitutional crisis and reportedly beat some members of the Supreme Soviet of Russia (Russian parliament at the time).

What did the OMON do in the UK?

History. OMON units were used as riot police to control and stop demonstrations and hooliganism, as well as to respond to emergency situations involving violent crime. The units later took on a wider range of police duties, including cordon and street patrol actions, and even paramilitary and military -style operations.

What were the human rights violations of the Chechnya war?

OMON was often accused of severe human rights abuses during the course of the conflict, including abducting, torturing, raping and killing civilians. By 2000, the bulk of such crimes, as recorded by international organisations in Chechnya, appeared to have been committed either by or with the participation of OMON.