What happened in 1948 in Palestine and Israel?

What happened in 1948 in Palestine and Israel?

The Arab-Israeli War of 1948 broke out when five Arab nations invaded territory in the former Palestinian mandate immediately following the announcement of the independence of the state of Israel on May 14, 1948. The United Nations resolution sparked conflict between Jewish and Arab groups within Palestine.

When did Israel invade Palestine?

1948
Arab leaders in the region saw it as European colonial theft and, in 1948, invaded to keep Palestine unified. The Israeli forces won the 1948 war, but they pushed well beyond the UN-designated borders to claim land that was to have been part of Palestine, including the western half of Jerusalem.

What happened in 1948 with the creation of Israel?

In May 1948, Israel was officially declared an independent state with David Ben-Gurion, the head of the Jewish Agency, as the prime minister. While this historic event seemed to be a victory for Jews, it also marked the beginning of more violence with the Arabs.

Was Palestine a country before Israel?

In modern times, the area was ruled by the Ottoman Empire, then the United Kingdom and since 1948 it has been divided into Israel, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip.

Who won the 1948 Arab Israeli war?

1948 Arab–Israeli War

Date 15 May 1948 – 10 March 1949 (9 months, 3 weeks and 2 days)
Location Former British Mandate of Palestine, Sinai Peninsula, southern Lebanon
Result Israeli victory Jordanian partial victory Palestinian Arab defeat Egyptian defeat Arab League strategic failure 1949 Armistice Agreements

What is Israel and Palestine fighting over?

WHY DO ISRAEL AND HAMAS FIGHT? Founded in Gaza Strip in 1987, the Palestinian militant group aimed to be a resistance to what they see as Israel’s occupation of three territories that Palestinians want to form their future state: Gaza, the West Bank and east Jerusalem.

What did Israel do to Palestine?

Israeli forces killed 31 Palestinians, including nine children, in the OPT; many were unlawfully killed while posing no imminent threat to life. Israel maintained its illegal blockade on the Gaza Strip, subjecting its residents to collective punishment and deepening the humanitarian crisis there.

Why did Palestine bomb Israel?

Since 2001, Palestinian militants have launched thousands of rocket and mortar attacks on Israel from the Gaza Strip as part of the continuing Arab–Israeli conflict. Their main effect is their creation of widespread psychological trauma and disruption of daily life among the Israeli populace.

What is the history of Palestine and Israel?

The origins of the Israel and Palestine conflict can be traced back to the late 19th century. The Ottoman Turkish Empire ruled a large portion of the Middle East from 1516 to 1917, including the land along the eastern Mediterranean. The region was religiously diverse, including Jews, Muslims, and Christians.

What caused Israel and Palestine war?

1948–49 war: Israel and the Arab states The termination of the British mandate over Palestine and the Israeli Declaration of Independence sparked a full-scale war (1948 Arab–Israeli War) which erupted after May 14, 1948.

Is Jerusalem in Palestine or Israel?

Israel claims the whole of Jerusalem as its capital, while the Palestinians claim East Jerusalem as the capital of a future Palestinian state. The US is one of only a handful of countries to recognise the city as Israel’s capital.