What Indian tribe was on Long Island?

What Indian tribe was on Long Island?

When Long Island was first discovered by the white man it was occupied by 13 tribes or groups of Indians, who inhabited the north and south shores. On the north side from west to east were the Matinecock, the Nissequog, the Setalcott, and the Corchaug (Cutchogue) tribes.

Where do Indians live on Long Island?

By 1670, most area Native Americans were gone, according to Newsday’s history project, Long Island Our Story. Today Native Americans remain here in small numbers, primarily concentrated on the Shinnecock Indian Nation reservation, in the Town of Southampton, and the Posspatuck reservation, in the Town of Brookhaven.

What did the Indians call Long Island?

The Indian names of Long Island are said to have been Sewanhacky, Wamponomon and Paumanake. The first two, which signify the island, or place, of shells, are said to have come from the abundance of the quahog, or hard clam, from the shell of which they made wampum, first used as money by the settlers.

What indigenous land is Long Island on?

Matinecock, Montaukett, Setalcott, Unkechaug, and Shinnecock peoples are sovereign Nations still residing on Long Island. They comprise different sets of kinship networks with unique traditions and customs.

Are the Shinnecock black?

Today, most Shinnecocks look black but feel Indian—an identity quite distinct from both the crisp Yankee austerity of Old Southampton and the flamboyance of its more recent summer immigrants. The reservation is an insular place, and nearly everyone there is related.

What Indians lived in Queens?

Some of the major groups recognized as having lived in the area that is now Queens are the Matinecock, who were on the northern side of the island; the Rockaway, who inhabited the Rockaway peninsula and surrounding areas; the Maspeth, who lived along Flushing Bay and Newtown Creek; and the Canarsie, who lived mostly in …

What is the Shinnecock language?

Shinnecock may refer to: Mohegan-Pequot language or Shinnecock language, an extinct Algonquian language formerly spoken by the Shinnecock. Shinnecock Canal, a canal that cuts across the South Fork of Long Island at Hampton Bays, New York. Shinnecock Inlet, an inlet connecting Shinnecock Bay and the Atlantic Ocean.

Why is Long Island named Long Island?

In 1611, the Dutch explorer Adriaen Block became the first European to sail into what became known as Long Island Sound. Once he reached its end, he realized the body of land to the east was not a peninsula but an island. The Dutch name—’t Lange Eylandt—was apt, and it stuck.

What is the oldest town in Long Island?

In his influential1845 book on Long Island the Reverend Nathaniel Prime says without equivocation, “Southold was the first town settled on Long Island”. Southampton only began disputing Southold’s primacy in 1878.

When did Native Americans come to Long Island?

The first people on Long Island were American Indians. They may have arrived as early as twelve thousand years ago. They were still here when Verrazano sailed into New York Harbor in 1524.

Is Shinnecock a Lenape?

The Shinnecock were among the thirteen Indian bands loosely based on kinship on Long Island, which were named by their geographic locations, but the people were highly decentralized. The bands in the western part of Long Island were Lenape (Delaware), such as the Matinecock and Patchogue.

Where does Shinnecock live?

The Shinnecock Nation Today The Shinnecock people now live on 900 acres of land called, a *Reservation in Southampton, New York. The reservation is located on a peninsula, surrounded by Shinnecock Bay, Old Fort Pond and Heady Creek.

What Native American tribes lived on Long Island?

He started with a list of native tribes and their approximate locations. The Canarsee, Rockaway, Merrick, Marsapeague (perhaps better known to modern scholars as Massapequa), Secatogue, and Unkechaug (Unquachog) lived along the southern shore of Long Island.

Where did the Unkechaug Tribe settle on Long Island?

At the eastern end of the island were the Shinnecock, Manhasset, and the Montauk. The Unkechaug tribe on the island’s southern coast were situated towards the southern side of the settler town of Brookhaven, with their main base at Mastic, and Tobaccus serving as their sachem (chief) in 1664.

What was life like on Long Island before European settlers?

Before the arrival of European settlers, Long Island on New England’s eastern coastline had its own microcosm of native American tribal life, with competing groups that had their origins in at least two main tribal groups. Richard M Bayles’ writings in 1874 painted a detailed picture of the island and its inhabitants.

What was the original name of Long Island?

The Indian names for Long Island are said to have been Sewanhacky, Wamponomon, and Paumanake. The first two are said to have come from the abundance of the quahog, or hard clam, the shell of which furnished wampum, which was first used as money in the settlements.