What instruments are used in knee arthroscopy?

What instruments are used in knee arthroscopy?

The most common instrument combination was knife, a straight 4 mm grasper, a 3-4 mm basket forceps and a suction device, which was used in 53% of the cases.

Which instrument is associated with a meniscus?

During the meniscus surgery, a small instrument called an arthroscope, which has a camera at its tip, is inserted into your knee.

What tools are used in arthroscopy?

The surgeon can directly view the inside areas of a joint using a tool called an arthroscope. This is a small, tube-shaped tool that’s used to look inside a joint. Orthopedic surgeons use arthroscopy to diagnose and treat joint problems. The scope has a system of lenses, a small video camera, and a light for viewing.

What equipment is required for all arthroscopic procedures?

For simple surgery, such as the removal of loose bodies and synovial biopsies, the only equipment needed are the standard arthroscopic tools of the trade as used for knee surgery, in particular a pair of arthroscopic grasping forceps, basket forceps and small pituitary rongeurs (Figure 4.2).

What is an arthroscopic shaver?

The arthroscopic shaver is used to remove the fragments of the denatured cartilage and cut off the dissociate cartilage. Otherwise the shaver can be used for aggressive meniscal trimming, joint debridement, plica and synovium removal.

What is arthrotomy of the knee joint?

An arthrotomy is a surgical exploration of a joint, which should include inspection of the cartilage, intra-articular structures, joint capsule, and ligaments.

Is meniscus a ligament or tendon?

Four ligaments, which are tough cords of tissue, connect the thigh bone, or femur, to the lower leg bones, called the tibia and fibula. These ligaments keep the knee stable when a person walks, jumps, bends, or pivots. In between the femur and tibia is a thick layer of smooth cartilage called the meniscus.

Can you see a torn meniscus on an MRI?

MRI gives a good picture of the size of a meniscus tear and where it is. It also shows ligaments, cartilage, and tendons. MRIs of the knee are helpful to identify a meniscus tear and to find any related injuries to the ligament, cartilage, and tendons.

What is the difference between arthroplasty and arthroscopy?

Arthroplasty is more commonly known as joint replacement surgery. In comparison to Arthroscopy, it is a more major open surgery involving the replacement of your joint with a replica artificial joint.

What is an arthroscopic probe?

Once a displaced tear is identified, a blunt trocar or arthroscopic probe is used to gently manipulate and reduce a displaced meniscus, exercising care so as to not tear or penetrate more friable portions (Fig. 8.2).

What is an arthroscopic examination?

Arthroscopy (ahr-THROS-kuh-pee) is a procedure for diagnosing and treating joint problems. A surgeon inserts a narrow tube attached to a fiber-optic video camera through a small incision — about the size of a buttonhole. The view inside your joint is transmitted to a high-definition video monitor.

What is meniscus repair surgery?

Meniscus Repair Surgery is a procedure to repair torn knee cartilage. There are surgical and non-surgical treatments for Meniscus repair depending upon the case. Depending upon the intensity of the tear, which can be mild (grade1, 2) or severe (grade 3), your surgeon will choose the following procedure based on your condition:

What is the meniscus and what does it do?

The meniscus is a crescent-shaped disc of cartilage which is between your femur (thighbone) and tibia (shinbone). There are two menisci in each knee joint. The meniscus is like a shock absorber that helps to stabilize the knee by balancing your weight across the knee. It also provides protection of healthy cartilage in the knee joint.

What is a cryocuff used for after meniscus surgery?

After arthroscopic meniscus repair, the patient generally has a cryocuff and a knee brace. The cryocuff is cold, compression device, that consists of a bladder around the knee and a cooler for ice a water. Using gravity to empty and fill the bladder, the knee can be kept cool to minimize swelling and decrease pain.

How is a meniscus injury diagnosed?

A meniscus injury can be diagnosed by an X-ray and it can help the doctor rule out other causes of knee pain, such as a fracture or arthritis. To properly visualize the meniscus and adjacent cartilage, an MRI scan may be indicated for some patients.