What is an imperfect verb in Greek?
Translation. The IMPERFECT TENSE indicates an action in the past that was ongoing, or used to take place over a period of time. Think of it as a bit of video of an action from the past. Therefore, the imperfect is usually translated as was/were verbing, used to verb, or kept verbing.
How many verb tenses does Ancient Greek have?
Ancient Greek has a number of infinitives. They can be of any voice (active, middle, or passive) and in any of five tenses (present, aorist, perfect, future, and future perfect).
What is the Greek aorist tense?
The aorist tense is the Greek grammarian’s term for a simple past tense. Unlike the other past tenses (imperfect and perfect), the aorist simply states the fact that an action has happened.
How do you form a Greek aorist?
The formula to form the first aorist indicative, then, is: augment + verb stem + first aorist (-σα) marker + secondary endings….Forming the First Aorist.
|–ν = I (1st person singular)||–μεν = we (1st person plural)|
|–ς = you (2nd person singular)||–τε = y’all (2nd person plural)|
What is the pluperfect tense in Greek?
The Pluperfect Tense is a secondary tense. It is used of action that had been completed prior to some point in the past. It is the Perfect Tense adjusted backward in time.
How do you form the imperative in Greek?
It is formed by the stem of the Past Simple (Αόριστος) + the endings -ε / -τε. Some verbs form the plural in –ετε: καταλάβετε (understand), περιμένετε (wait) etc. In the negative form we use the Subjunctive Mood: (να) μην + verb. In the affirmative form the pronouns are placed after the verb.
What is an aorist active verb?
1. A form of a verb in some languages, such as Classical Greek, that expresses action without indicating its completion or continuation. 2. A form of a verb in some languages, such as Classical Greek or Sanskrit, that in the indicative mood expresses past action.
What are the Greek verb tenses?
In the indicative mood there are seven tenses: present, imperfect, future, aorist (the equivalent of past simple), perfect, pluperfect, and future perfect. In the subjunctive and imperative mood, however, there are only three tenses (present, aorist, and perfect).
What are the 3 irregular imperfect verbs?
The verbs ir (to go), ver (to see), and ser (to be) are completely irregular in the imperfect tense.
How do you find the Greek verb stem?
To get the stem, subtract the ending -ος or -εως from the genitive case (which is usually given second).
What are the thematic and athematic verbs in ancient Greece?
Thematic and athematic verbs. Ancient Greek verbs can be divided into two groups, the thematic (in which a thematic vowel /e/ or /o/ is added before the ending, e.g. λύ-ο-μεν (lú-o-men) “we free”), and the athematic (in which the endings are attached directly to the stem, e.g. ἐσ-μέν (es-mén) “we are”. Thematic verbs are much more numerous.
What are the tenses of Ancient Greek verbs?
Ancient Greek verbs. In the indicative mood there are seven tenses: present, imperfect, future , aorist (the equivalent of past simple ), perfect, pluperfect, and future perfect. (The last two, especially the future perfect, are rarely used).
What is the second person singular form of athematic verbs?
See also -ειην, -οιην. Second-person singular present optative active of athematic verbs except for those with a stem ending in ῡ, ῠ: ῐ̔́στημῐ, ῐ̔σταίης; τῐ́θημῐ, τῐθείης; δῐ́δωμῐ, δῐδοίης. See also -ειης, -οιης.
What are the infinitives of contracting verbs in Greek?
Contracting verbs have a present infinitive ending in -ᾶν ( -ân ), -εῖν ( -eîn) or -οῦν ( -oûn ): Verbs ending in -μι ( -mi ), such as δίδωμι ( dídōmi) “I give”, have present and aorist infinitives which end in -ναι ( -nai ): The irregular verb οἶδα ( oîda) “I know” also has an infinitive ending in -ναι ( -nai ):