What is antiemetic explain with example?

What is antiemetic explain with example?

Antiemetics: 1. As a noun, a drug taken to prevent or treat nausea and vomiting. As, for example, the antihistamine meclizine hydrochloride (Bonine). 2. As an adjective, pertaining to the prevention or treatment of nausea and vomiting.

What is the best antiemetic medication?

A systematic review found that serotonin antagonists (ondansetron, granisetron and tropisetron), dexamethasone, droperidol and cyclizine were all more effective than placebo for the treatment of postoperative nausea and vomiting.

Which are antiemetic drugs?

Some antiemetics that people take to combat nausea from chemotherapy include:

  • aprepitant (Emend)
  • dexamethasone (DexPak)
  • dolasetron (Anzemet)
  • granisetron (Kytril)
  • ondansetron (Zofran)
  • palonosetron (Aloxi)
  • prochlorperazine (Compazine)
  • rolapitant (Varubi)

Which drug stops vomiting?

Bismuth subsalicylate(2 brand names: Kaopectate, Pepto-Bismol). This medicine may help treat some types of nausea and vomiting, such as from gastroenteritis (stomach flu). It’s also used for upset stomach and as an antidiarrheal (medicine to treat diarrhea). Antihistamines.

Is Domperidone an antiemetic?

Domperidone is a dopamine-2 receptor antagonist. It acts as an antiemetic and a prokinetic agent through its effects on the chemoreceptor trigger zone and motor function of the stomach and small intestine.

When should antiemetics be given?

The first dose of antiemetics should be given prior to commencing chemotherapy as per the following; Oral – 30 to 60 minutes prior to first dose of chemotherapy (optimal time is 60 minutes prior to commencing chemotherapy)

Can omeprazole stop vomiting?

Nausea and feeling sick- If you experience nausea, try taking omeprazole with food. Vomiting or diarrhoea – Speak to your pharmacist or doctor first and try to drink more fluids to replenish what you have lost.

Can I take domperidone and omeprazole together?

In conclusion, omeprazole in combination with domperidone was highly effective in treating CSG, with simple operation and high safety. It can accelerate cure and obviously relieve the clinical symptoms of patients.

How do antiemetics work?

Antiemetics work on the neural pathways involved with vomiting by blocking specific receptors that respond to neurotransmitter molecules, such as serotonin, dopamine, and histamine.

Which is better omeprazole or esomeprazole?

In conclusion, esomeprazole 40 mg provides more effective acid control than twice the standard dose of omeprazole.

What are the different types of antiemetic drugs?


  • doxycycline
  • cephalexin
  • ciprofloxacin
  • clindamycin
  • metronidazole
  • azithromycin
  • sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim
  • amoxicillin and clavulanate
  • levofloxacin
  • What does antiemetic drug stand for?

    Antiemetics are drugs used to relieve symptoms of nausea and vomiting. These drugs work by counteracting the neurotransmitter receptors that are involved in the physical process of these symptoms. Neurotransmitters are chemical substances that transmit nerve impulses, and receptors are cells or groups of cells that receive stimuli.

    What is the purpose of an antiemetic?

    The medicine Antiemetic is used to treat Meniere’s Disease

    What is the main action of antiemetics?

    disease state-related (e.g. cancer burden,ileus,uraemia in kidney disease or gastrointestinal oedema in heart failure)

  • treatment-related (e.g. chemotherapy-induced or opioid-induced)
  • biochemical (e.g. hypercalcaemia)
  • toxin-mediated (secondary to anorexia-cachexia syndrome).13