What is brain stem stroke symptoms?

What is brain stem stroke symptoms?

Some symptoms may be:

  • Muscle weakness.
  • Hearing and vision problems.
  • Sensory changes.
  • Problems with balance.
  • A feeling of spinning when a person is still.
  • Problems breathing.
  • Problems chewing, swallowing, and speaking.

What diseases affect the brain stem?

In various known neurological disorders, the degeneration of brain parenchyma originates from and/or primarily affects the brain stem, such as in olivopontocerebellar atrophy (OPCA), progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), several spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA) types and various entities of leukodystrophies [2–4].

What is Wallenberg syndrome?

Wallenberg’s syndrome is a neurological condition caused by a stroke in the vertebral or posterior inferior cerebellar artery of the brain stem.

What is locked-in syndrome?

Locked-in syndrome is a rare neurological disorder in which there is complete paralysis of all voluntary muscles except for the ones that control the movements of the eyes.

What causes inflammation of the brainstem?

Encephalitis is an inflammation (swelling) of the brain. The inflammation is usually caused by an infection from a virus. It can also be caused by problems with the immune system and, less commonly, bacterial or fungal infections. The inflammation can affect one area of the brain or several different areas.

What are the top 5 neurological disorders?

Here are six common neurological disorders and ways to identify each one.

  1. Headaches. Headaches are one of the most common neurological disorders and can affect anyone at any age.
  2. Epilepsy and Seizures.
  3. Stroke.
  4. ALS: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis.
  5. Alzheimer’s Disease and Dementia.
  6. Parkinson’s Disease.

What cranial nerves are affected in Wallenberg syndrome?

Cranial Nerves IX (Glossopharyngeal) and X (Vagus) The lateral medullary syndrome, also known as Wallenberg’s syndrome, is the prototype lesion involving the nuclei of cranial nerves IX and X.

What are the symptoms of lateral medullary syndrome?

The usual symptoms of lateral medullary infarction include vertigo, dizziness, nystagmus, ataxia, nausea and vomiting, dysphagia, and hiccups. Dysphagia is more profound in lateral medullary syndrome patients.

What is the alien hand syndrome?

The alien hand syndrome (AHS) is a fascinating movement disorder. Patients with AHS experience one of their limbs as alien, which acts autonomously and performs meaningful movements without being guided by the intention of the patient.

Did Stephen Hawking have locked-in syndrome?

Stephen Hawking had a progressive motor neuron disease related to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) that began developing in the early 1960s. He was almost entirely paralyzed and communicated using a speech generating device.

What is Bickerstaff syndrome?

Disease. Bickerstaff brainstem encephalitis (BBE) is a rare, autoimmune disease of the peripheral and central nervous system (i.e., brainstem). BBE is considered a variant of other immune-mediated polyneuropathies, such as Guillain Barré syndrome (GBS) and Miller Fisher syndrome (MFS).

What does brain swelling feel like?

Symptoms of brain swelling include headache, dizziness, nausea, numbness or weakness, loss of coordination or balance, loss of the ability to see or speak, seizures, lethargy, memory loss, incontinence, or altered level of consciousness.