What is foveal Schisis?

What is foveal Schisis?

Myopic traction maculopathy (MTM), also known as myopic foveoschisis, is a schisis-like thickening of the retina in eyes with high myopia with posterior staphyloma. The pathologic features may also include lamellar or full-thickness macular holes, shallow foveal detachments, and inner retinal fluid.

What is Schisis eye?

Retinoschisis means splitting of the eye’s retina into two layers. There are two forms of this disorder. The most common is an acquired form that affects both men and women. It usually occurs in middle age or beyond, although it can occur earlier, and it is sometimes known as senile retinoschisis.

What causes retinal Schisis?

Retinoschisis occurs when a separation (schisis) develops between the two major layers of the retina, creating a blister-like elevation that can be confused with a true retinal detachment.

What is foveal detachment?

Foveal detachment associated with foveoschisis usually takes a progressive course, and is associated with a poor visual outcome. The purpose of this study was to report the spontaneous resolution of foveal detachment in patients with myopic traction maculopathy without posterior vitreous detachment.

How can Maculopathy be treated?

How is diabetic maculopathy treated? The aim of treatment is to stop the blood vessels leaking. Laser treatment and injections of drugs known as anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (Anti-VEGF) are injected into the eye and are now the standard treatment for diabetic maculopathy.

Can Retinoschisis be treated?

Retinoschisis usually doesn’t require treatment aside from glasses to improve your vision. However, some children with X-linked retinoschisis may have bleeding in their eye. This can be treated with either laser therapy or cryosurgery. In rare cases, children may need surgery to stop the bleeding.

Is retinoschisis serious?

For most people, retinoschisis isn’t a serious condition. Eventually, you may need glasses to correct any vision problems caused by your split retina. While the condition itself is often harmless, both degenerative and X-linked retinoschisis increase your risk of retinal detachment.

Is retinoschisis curable?

There is no medical treatment for degenerative retinoschisis; however, vitrectomy surgery is occasionally required for complications related to either type of retinoschisis.

How do you fix retinoschisis?

What is a pseudo macular hole?

Macular pseudohole: Not a true hole; rather it is a condition in which scar tissue called epiretinal membrane tugs or pulls on the underlying retina, which can look similar to a macular hole during a clinical eye examination.

What is a membrane in the eye?

What Is An Epiretinal Membrane? “Epiretinal membrane” is a condition where thin fibrous tissues begin growing within the eye, creating a film-like covering over the macula. The macula is a section of the retina that sits at the back of the eye. It helps our eyes and brain create sharp, focused images.

Can you reverse maculopathy?

If you have diabetic maculopathy, in some cases, injections of a medicine called anti-VEGF may be given into your eye. The main medicines used are called ranibizumab (Lucentis) and aflibercept (Eylea). These can help stop the problems in your eyes getting worse, and may also lead to an improvement in your vision.

What is myopic foveal retinoschisis?

The term myopic foveal retinoschisis was introduced in 1999 by Takano and Kishi to describe the splitting of the inner retinal layers at the macula in patients with high myopia and posterior staphyloma.

Does foveoschisis affect the outcome of vitreous surgery for myopia?

In a recent review of 15 published studies on vitreous surgery in highly myopic eyes with macular holes, Alkabes et al 48 concluded that eyes with macular holes associated with foveoschisis required more procedures and also had poorer visual outcomes compared with those without schisis.

When should surgical intervention be considered for myopic foveoschisis?

Currently, there is a good level of consensus that surgical intervention should be considered when there is progressive visual decline from myopic foveoschisis. Myopic foveoschisis (MF) is increasingly being recognised as one of the major causes of visual loss in highly myopic eyes.

What are the pathologic features of schisis in diabetic retinopathy?

The pathologic features may also include lamellar or full-thickness macular holes, shallow foveal detachments, and inner retinal fluid. It has been suggested that the schisis-like thickening represents edema from traction rather than a true schisis.