What is fragile watermarking?

What is fragile watermarking?

Fragile watermarking is one of the integrity protection mechanisms of multimedia data like image, video, and audio. A secure fragile image watermarking scheme, which is used to detect modification or tampering occurred on the image content, is devised in this paper.

What are the digital watermarking algorithms?

4.2. Classification of Hybrid Methods of Digital Image Watermarking. Based on the working domain, the digital image watermarking can be classified as spatial, transform, or hybrid domains. The spatial domain methods include the least significant bit (LSB), intermediate significant bit (ISB), or patchwork algorithm.

What is robust watermarking?

Robust watermarking is the watermarking algorithm that can survive not only such general operations such as compression, adding noise, filtering, A/D or D/A conversion, and so forth, but also such geometric attacks such as rotation, scaling translation, shearing, and so forth. It is often used in ownership protection.

What is semi fragile watermarking?

1. The watermarking technology that makes the embedded information survive such acceptable operations as compression, slight noising, filtering, A/D or D/A conversion, etc., while be sensitive to such tampering operations as cutting, rotation, shifting, etc.

Is Steganography a watermark?

The main difference between Watermarking and Steganography is that watermarking is used for holding copyrights for their work both in the images and in the text. Steganography is used for hiding information in the form of secret communication. Having watermarks will be good for promoting your brand.

Is steganography digital watermarking?

Both steganography and digital watermarking employ steganographic techniques to embed data covertly in noisy signals. While steganography aims for imperceptibility to human senses, digital watermarking tries to control the robustness as top priority.

Is steganography a watermark?

Can digital watermarks be removed?

Digital watermarks can consist of timestamps, names, digitally added signatures, text, or an image. Sometimes, if a version of an image without a watermark cannot be obtained from the author, it can be removed to make the image more reusable. All licenses acceptable on Commons permit this kind of modification.

What is watermarking algorithm?

The developed algorithm is a blind watermarking technique that meets the requirements of invisibility and robustness. Watermarking is performed by embedding a watermark in the middle-frequency coefficient block of three DWT levels. The PNN is used during watermark extraction.

What type of watermarking is the modestly robust?

Embedding method Spread-spectrum watermarks are known to be modestly robust, but also to have a low information capacity due to host interference. A digital watermarking method is said to be of quantization type if the marked signal is obtained by quantization.

What is fragile watermarking authentication?

When a fragile watermark is present in a signal, we can infer, with a high probability, that the signal has not been altered. Fragile watermarking authentication has an interesting variety of functionalities including tampering localization and discrimination between malicious and non-malicious manipulations.

What is an invisible-fragile watermark?

The invisible- fragile watermark is embedded in such a way that any manipulation or modification of the image would alter or destroy the watermark. Also, the digital watermarks can be divided into two different types according to the necessary data for extraction:

What is digital watermarking and how does it work?

Digital watermarking has been proposed as one way to accomplish this. A digital watermark is a digital signal or pattern inserted into a digital image. Since this signal or pattern is present in each unaltered copy of the original image, the digital watermark may also serve as a digital signature for the copies.

What is watermarking security?

As all watermarking systems seek to protect watermark information, without loss of generality, watermarking security can be regarded as the ability to assure secrecy and integrity of the watermark information, and resist malicious attacks [5]. The imperceptibility refers to the perceptual transparency of the watermark.