What is Hotan known for?

What is Hotan known for?

The area is a source for a limited amount of alluvial gold and is famous throughout East Asia as the major source of jade. It is also famous for its metalwork and jewelry. Highways connect Hotan to Anxi (in Gansu province) on the east and to Kashgar on the west.

What language is spoken in Hotan China?


Hotan خوتەن شەھىرى 和田市 Khotan, Gaustana, Gosthana
– Total ¥8.274 billion $1.247 billion
– Per Capita ¥20,399 $3,076
– Growth 7.1%
Local languages Uyghur, Mandarin Chinese

Is Uyghur part of China?

Natives of Xinjiang The Uighurs (also spelled as Uyghurs) are an ethnic minority group mostly living in the Xinjiang autonomous region of the People’s Republic of China.

Does Xinjiang belong to China?

The region has had intermittent autonomy and occasional independence, but what is now known as Xinjiang came under Chinese rule in the 18th Century. An East Turkestan state was briefly declared in 1949, but independence was short-lived – later that year Xinjiang officially became part of Communist China.

Why is Hotan so polluted?

The air pollution in China’s Hotan, with a PM2. 5 of 110.2µg/m3, was largely attributed to local sandstorms given its proximity to the Taklimakan Desert, the world’s largest shifting sand desert. The report on the world’s best and worst places for clean air in 2020 was prepared based on the average value of PM2.

How did Marco describe Khotan?

Marco Polo, who passed through the town in 1274, says that “Everything is to be had there [at Cotan, Khotan] in plenty, including abundance of cotton, with flax, hemp, wheat, wine, and the like. The people have vineyards and gardens and estates.

Is Xinjiang safe?

Is Xinjiang Safe to Visit? It is perfectly safe to travel in Xinjiang and thankfully the rare terrorist incidents have decreased over the years, in no small part to the heavy military and police presence in the region. Many Uyghurs are conservative Muslims so it pays to dress and act modestly when in Xinjiang.

What was Xinjiang called before?

In 1884 Qing China, took over the State of East Turkistan, known as Kashgaria, or “Yette Sheher” and renamed it Xinjiang (新疆) or roughly “New territory.” In the late 19th century, there was a proposal to restore the old administration of Xinjiang into two provinces, the areas north and south of Tianshan.

When did the Uyghur genocide start?

Uyghur genocide
Xinjiang, highlighted red, shown within China
Location Xinjiang, China
Date 2014–present
Target Uyghurs, Kazakhs, Kyrgyz, and other Turkic Muslims

What is the original name of Xinjiang?

Known to the Chinese as Xiyu (“Western Regions”) for centuries, the area became Xinjiang (“New Borders”) upon its annexation under the Qing (Manchu) dynasty in the 18th century. Westerners long called it Chinese Turkistan to distinguish it from Russian Turkistan.

Which country has best air quality?

Air Quality Results

Country Current Rank Baseline Rank
Australia 1 6
Barbados 1 1
Jordan 3 2
Denmark 5 8

Is Hotan China the most polluted city in the world?

The most polluted cities in the world All these cities had a PM2. 5 air-quality rating of more than 50. Nine out of the top 10 most polluted cities are in India. Hotan, in western China’s Xinjiang, had the worst average air quality in 2020, with 110.2.

Where is Hotan Prefecture in China?

Prefecture in Xinjiang, People’s Republic of China. Hotan Prefecture is located in the south-western part of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, bordering the Tibet Autonomous Region to the south. It is sometimes (unofficially) spelled as Khotan.

Who are the Uyghurs of Xinjiang?

Uyghurs are a Turkic ethnic group native to Xinjiang. They are distinct from the Han Chinese, the predominant ethnic group in China. Uyghurs are the second-largest predominantly Muslim ethnicity in China and Islam is an important aspect of Uyghur identity.

What is the population of Uyghuristan in China?

As of 2015, 2,248,113 (96.7%) of the 2,324,287 residents of the prefecture were Uyghur, 71,233 were Han Chinese (3.1%) and 4,941 were from other ethnic groups.

Where is hothotan Prefecture?

Hotan Prefecture (also known as Gosthana, Gaustana, Godana, Godaniya, Khotan, Hetian, Hotien) is located in the Dzungaria region in the southwestern part of the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China, bordering the Tibet Autonomous Region to the south and Union Territory of Ladakh and Gilgit-Baltistan to the west.