What is ISO 14443 Type a?
contactless smart card communication
ISO 14443 is a standard designed for proximity or contactless smart card communication. It typically uses a 13.56MHz radio frequency that only transmits digital data within a short range – about 4 centimeters or less – beyond, the signal is too weak. It can never exceed 10 centimeters.
What is ISO 14443 4?
ISO/IEC 14443-4:2016 specifies a half-duplex block transmission protocol featuring the special needs of a contactless environment and defines the activation and deactivation sequence of the protocol.
What is PICC card?
The communication between a PCD (Proximity Coupling Device; aka a reader) and a PICC (= Proximity Integrated Circuit Card) is performed using an electromagnetic field coupling between the reader and the card.
What is ISO 14443 and B?
ISO 14443-2 sets international manufacturing standards for contact-less smart credit and payment cards. The smart cards contain a microchip, transmitter and receiver and communicates with the card reader via radio frequency. The ISO 14443-2 standard is divided into Type A and Type B.
What is Mifare card?
MIFARE is a contactless card technology that was introduced in 1994. It was primarily used for transport passes, but its technological capabilities quickly made it one of the most popular smart cards for storing data and providing access control.
How does Mifare Classic work?
mifare Classic provides mutual authentication and data secrecy by means of the so called CRYPTO1 stream cipher. This cipher is a proprietary algorithm of NXP and its design is kept secret. Nohl and Plötz  have recently reverse engineered the hardware of the chip and exposed several weaknesses.
What is PICC in NFC?
PICC. Proximity inductive coupling card: a transponder that can be read or written by a proximity reader.
What is the difference between NFC and RFID?
While RFID technology can be used over long distances, NFC technology is limited to small distances. RFID tags can generally be scanned at distances of up to 100 meters and do not require a direct line of sight to the reader.
What is IC type a card?
A card with an embedded IC (Integrated Circuit) is called an IC card. IC cards are not only more secure, but provide more functionality as well. Depending on the type of card you have, the time period in which you will receive an IC card may vary. …
How many MIFARE cards are there?
They are sold in four variants: One with Triple-DES only and 4 kiB of storage, and three with AES (2, 4, or 8 kiB; see MIFARE DESFire EV1). The AES variants have additional security features; e.g., CMAC. MIFARE DESFire uses a protocol compliant with ISO/IEC 14443-4.
Is NFC and MIFARE same?
MIFARE 2GO A cloud-based platform that digitizes MIFARE product-based smart cards and makes them available on NFC-enabled smartphones and wearables. With this, new Smart City use cases such as mobile transit ticketing, mobile access and mobile micropayments are being enabled.
Can iPhone read MIFARE?
The iPhone will scan a wide variety of NFC tags including NFC Forum Type 2 tags. This includes the popular NTAG®, MIFARE® and ICODE® series chips. The iPhone will not respond to tags without encoding.
What is an ISO/IEC 15693 vicinity card?
The ISO/IEC 15693 vicinity card technology (ISO 15693) developed in response to the industry’s desire for a contactless card technology with an operational range greater than 10 cm. The vicinity card has three modes of operation: read mode, authenticate mode, and write mode.
What are the parts of the ISO 15693 standard?
The ISO 15693 standard has three distinct parts: The card is the ID-1 size (85.6 mm x 54.0 mm x .76 mm). This is the same size as a bank credit card. Figure 2 summarizes the frequency, modulation, data coding, and data rate values for both reader-to-card and card-to-reader communication as defined in this part of the standard.
What does “ISO 14443 parts 1 through 4 compliant” mean?
For a system to comply with ISO 14443, it must meet the requirements of all four parts. Thus, the phrase “ISO 14443, Parts 1 through 4 compliant” is often seen in product descriptions.
What is ISO/IEC 14443 proximity card technology?
The ISO/IEC 14443 proximity card technology (ISO 14443) has been used for the overwhelming majority of contactless card deployments worldwide. The targeted range of operations for ISO 14443 cards is up to 10 cm, although this range varies, depending on power requirements, memory size, CPU, and co-processor.