What is Peristomal infection?

What is Peristomal infection?

Peristomal viral infections are less common than fungal or bacterial infections, but when they do occur, they can present treatment challenges, particularly as they relate to increased pain and interference with the skin barrier-to-skin adhesion. Perhaps the most common are herpes zoster (shingles) and herpes simplex.

What is the Peristomal?

The peristomal skin is the skin right around the stoma. It’s the skin that the ostomy wafer adheres to.

What is Peristomal skin breakdown?

Irritated and damaged peristomal skin can occur for a variety of reasons. It can be caused by anything from a poor-fitting pouching system, to frequent skin barrier changes, to an allergic reaction to anything that contacts the skin, such as soaps or products used to prepare the peristomal skin.

What is a Peristomal abscess?

Peristomal abscesses in the immediate postoperative period are most commonly seen in the setting of stoma revision or reconstruction of a stoma at the same site, mainly due to preoperative colonization of the peristomal skin and perioperative seeding of the surgical site.

What is a Peristomal ulcer?

PERISTOMAL ULCERATION Parastomal ulcers occur most commonly in patients with Crohn’s disease but have also been observed in patients with mucosal ulcerative colitis. The main symptoms are pain and difficulty with appliance placement.

How are Peristomal ulcers treated?

Different physicians and ostomy specialists have used a large array of methods to manage parastomal ulcers; these including local wound care; steroid creams; systemic steroids; and, when conservative measures fail, surgery.

What are the causes of peristomal complications?

Peristomal skin complications: causes, effects, and treatments. Systemic disease (inflammatory conditions, and autoimmune diseases especially) as well as local conditions (pyoderma gangrenosum, infections, and fistulas, among others) can be the causes for difficult-to-treat peristomal complications.

What is peristomal pressure ulcer/injury?

Pressure Ulcer/Injury – Peristomal skin may be more susceptible to pressure ulcers/injuries, particularly if has been weakened by another complication. Patients who use a convexity, wear an ostomy belt, or have a hernia may also be at greater risk of developing a pressure ulcer/injury in the peristomal area. 1,2

Why is prevention and management of peristomal skin complications important?

Prevention and management of peristomal skin complications are critical components of ostomy care. Identifying risk factors for the occurrence of peristomal ski … Peristomal skin complications are the most common reason ostomy patients visit an outpatient wound, ostomy, and continence nursing service.

What are the symptoms of peristomal skin diseases?

Peristomal skin also provides an ideal environment for Candida infections, which may manifest as erythema, papules, or lesions. 1,3 Caput Medusae – Patients with chronic liver disease may display signs of caput medusae, which manifests as purple discoloration around the stoma. It can also lead to severe bleeding. 1