What is refractory and give example?

What is refractory and give example?

The definition of refractory is stubborn or hard to manage, or heat resistant. An example of someone who is refractory is a person who refuses to listen to the rules. An example of something refractory is a material like silica or alumina that are difficult to melt.

What is refractory in chemistry?

A refractory material or refractory is a material that is resistant to decomposition by heat, pressure, or chemical attack, and retains strength and form at high temperatures. Refractories are polycrystalline, polyphase, inorganic, non-metallic, porous, and heterogeneous.

What are the ingredients of refractory cement?


  • Kaowool, also called rock wool.
  • Refractory clay. I use green stripe, but any refractory clay would probably work. Note that this is not just any clay.
  • Perlite. This is a mineral material that is in gardening.
  • Optionally, Sodium Silicate. Also called water glass.
  • Water.

How is fire clay made?

Fire clay is a range of refractory clays used in the manufacture of ceramics, especially fire brick. The United States Environmental Protection Agency defines fire clay very generally as a “mineral aggregate composed of hydrous silicates of aluminium (Al2O3·2SiO2·2H2O) with or without free silica.”

How is firebrick made?

Firebricks are formed by the dry-press, stiff-mud, soft-mud casting, and hot-pressing processes used in the manufacture of building bricks. Raw materials are fused in an electric furnace followed by casting of the melt in special molds.

Why is alumina used in refractories?

Refractories. Alumina is also widely used in refractory products, due to its high melting point. It is especially suited to demanding applications where the strength of the refractory must be retained at high temperatures.

Which is a basic refractory?

The basic refractory materials include alumina, silica, magnesia and lime.

Can I make my own refractory cement?

You will need about 1 part (by volume) of Furnace Cement for each 4 parts (by volume) of Perlite so for a two gallon bag of Perlite you will need a half gallon of Furnace Cement. Here’s a page from Dan’s Workshop showing John’s refractory mixture in use in the construction of a small electric furnace.

What is bisque fire?

Biscuit (also known as bisque) refers to any pottery that has been fired in a kiln without a ceramic glaze. In situations where two firings are used, the first firing is called the biscuit firing (or “bisque firing”), and the second firing is called the glost firing, or glaze firing if the glaze is fired at that stage.

What is fireclay used for?

Fire clay is resistant to high temperatures, having fusion points higher than 1,600 °C (2,910 °F); therefore it is suitable for lining furnaces, as fire brick, and for manufacture of utensils used in the metalworking industries, such as crucibles, saggars, retorts and glassware.

What is the specific gravity of refractory material?

General specific gravity is 2.6-2.8. That is 1 cubic meters equal to 2.6-2.8 tons. The refractory material is good or not.It mainly depends on the composition, content, and fire temperature etc.Generally supplier may show above.

Why is furnace formula so good for refractory?

The reason it’s so good for refractory formulas is because it doesn’t conduct heat very well (heat doesn’t pass through readily). A similar product is called “vermiculite” it’s added to potting soil because it retains moisture. This quality makes it undesirable for refractory. The “2 bucks” furnaceformula

What is the chemistry of refractory clay?

Refractory clay has a different chemistry than pottery clay. Perlite. This is a mineral material that is in gardening. If have looked into DIY refractories, you have probably head of it. Optionally, Sodium Silicate.

What is refractory mix made of?

This quality makes it undesirable for refractory. The “2 bucks” furnaceformula The refractory mix is composed of Portland cement (1.5 parts), silica sand (2 parts), perlite (1.5 parts) and fireclay (2 parts). The first three components are mixed together thoroughly.