What is the architecture of a super computer?

What is the architecture of a super computer?

The air-cooled IBM Blue Gene supercomputer architecture trades processor speed for low power consumption so that a larger number of processors can be used at room temperature, by using normal air-conditioning. The second-generation Blue Gene/P system has processors with integrated node-to-node communication logic.

What hardware is in a supercomputer?

A supercomputer is composed of processors, memory, I/O system, and an interconnect. The processors fetch and execute program instructions. This execution involves performing arithmetic and logical calculations, initiating memory accesses, and controlling the flow of program execution.

What are the parts of a supercomputer?

Main features of a supercomputer

  • A vast number of processing units.
  • An immense collection of RAM-type memory units.
  • High-speed interconnect between nodes.
  • High input/output and file systems speeds.
  • Custom software and specialized support.
  • Effective thermal management.

Who designs supercomputer?

pioneer Seymour Cray
In 1958, supercomputer pioneer Seymour Cray experimented with the “Little Character,” a 6-bit prototype for the modular packaging and logic approach he envisioned for CDC’s first computers. The results were encouraging, and Control Data adopted those techniques in the successful 48-bit CDC 1604 in 1959.

How many CPUs does a supercomputer have?

Number of computer cores in the 10 fastest supercomputers in the world in 2020

Characteristic Number of cores
Supercomputer Fugaku, Japan 7,630,848
Summit, United States 2,414,592
Sierra , United States 1,572,480
Sunway TaihuLight , China 10,649,600

What is parallelism computer architecture?

Parallel computing is a type of computing architecture in which several processors simultaneously execute multiple, smaller calculations broken down from an overall larger, complex problem.

Is supercomputer part of computer hardware platforms?

Supercomputer hardware Hundreds of thousands of individual components make up supercomputers and their integrated devices. Most are designed to support the internal processes that enable supercomputers to produce massive amounts of computational power.

What are the specs of a supercomputer?

Technical Specifications

Owens SYSTEM (2016)
NUMBER OF CPU CORES 23,392 (28 cores/node)
CORES PER NODE 28 cores/node (48 cores/node for Huge Mem Nodes)
COMPUTE CPU SPECIFICATIONS Intel Xeon E5-2680 v4 (Broadwell) for compute 2.4 GHz 14 cores per processor

What is the features of supercomputer?

Rapid retrieval of stored data and instructions is required to support the extremely high computational speed of CPUs. Therefore, most supercomputers have a very large storage capacity, as well as a very fast input/output capability.

How many parts does a supercomputer have?

For comparison, a desktop computer has performance in the range of hundreds of gigaFLOPS to tens of teraFLOPS. Since November 2017, all of the world’s fastest 500 supercomputers run Linux-based operating systems….The TOP500 list.

Year 2013
Supercomputer NUDT Tianhe-2
Rmax (TFlop/s) 61,444.5
Location Guangzhou, China

How many processors does a supercomputer have?

Technical Specifications

Owens SYSTEM (2016)
NUMBER OF CPU SOCKETS 1648 (2 sockets/node)
NUMBER OF CPU CORES 23,392 (28 cores/node)
CORES PER NODE 28 cores/node (48 cores/node for Huge Mem Nodes)

What is the function of supercomputer?

Supercomputers are used for data-intensive and computation-heavy scientific and engineering purposes such as quantum mechanics, weather forecasting, oil and gas exploration, molecular modeling, physical simulations, aerodynamics, nuclear fusion research and cryptoanalysis.