What is the friction factor in pipes?

What is the friction factor in pipes?

The friction factor or Moody chart is the plot of the relative roughness (e/D) of a pipe against the Reynold’s number. The blue lines plot the friction factor for flow in the wholly turbulent region of the chart, while the straight black line plots the friction factor for flow in the wholly laminar region of the chart.

How do you calculate friction in a pipe?

Example: Using the friction loss calculator For the material, a copper pipe, C = 135. HL = 2.868 m of water. Pd = 2.868 * 9810 = 28135.08 N/m2 = 0.28 bar . This implies the pressure drop in the flow due to pipe friction is 0.28 bar .

What is theoretical friction factor?

The Darcy Equation is a theoretical equation that predicts the frictional energy loss in a pipe based on the velocity of the fluid and the resistance due to friction. It is used almost exclusively to calculate head loss due to friction in turbulent flow.

What is the significance of friction factor?

In turbulent flow regime, the friction factor plays a very important role as the pumping power is related to the friction factor. The friction factor formula given by Colebrook – white equation (C-W equation) is a [1] combination of Prandtl and Von karman and also it is mostly preferred because of its accuracy.

What is pipe friction?

Friction loss in pipe The friction loss in a uniform, straight sections of pipe, known as “major loss”, is caused by the effects of viscosity, the movement of fluid molecules against each other or against the (possibly rough) wall of the pipe. Here, it is greatly affected by whether the flow is laminar or turbulent.

What is the friction loss in PVC pipe?

2 inches
Volume Flow (gal/min) Volume Flow (gal/hr) Friction Loss (psi/100 ft)
45 2700 1.5
50 3000 1.8
60 3600 2.5

What is C factor for pipe?

A factor or value used to indicate the smoothness of the interior of a pipe. The higher the C Factor, the smoother the pipe, the greater the carrying capacity, and the smaller the friction or energy losses from water flowing in the pipe.

What is pipe friction experiment?

Introduction. In this experiment you will investigate the frictional forces inherent in laminar and turbulent pipe flow. By measuring the pressure drop and flow rate through a pipe, an estimate of the coefficient of friction (friction factor) will be obtained.

How do you find the friction factor?

How to calculate friction factor for turbulent flow?

  1. Calculate the Reynold’s number for the flow (using ρ × V × D / μ).
  2. Check the relative roughness (k/D) to be under 0.01.
  3. Use the Reynold’s number, roughness in the Moody formula – f = 0.0055 × ( 1 + (2×104 × k/D + 106/Re)1/3)

What is the friction factor of a pipe?

The friction factor or Moody chart is the plot of the relative roughness (e/D) of a pipe against the Reynold’s number.

What is the Darcy friction factor?

The Darcy friction factor is a dimensionless quantity used in the Darcy-Weisbach equation for the description of friction losses in pipe flow as well as open channel flow. It is also known as the Darcy-Weisbach friction factor or Moody friction factor and is four times larger than the Fanning friction factor.

What is the best book on friction factors for pipes?

Moody, L.F., “Friction Factors for Pipe Flow,” Trans ASME, pp 671- 684, November, 1944. 2. Munson, B. R., Young, D. F., & Okiishi, T. H., Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics, 4th Ed., New York: John Wiley and Sons, Inc, 2002.

How does the friction factor depend on the Reynolds number?

The friction factor depends not only on the Reynolds number but also on the relative roughness. ( ɛ / d ) , that is, Roughness of pipe walls ( ɛ ) compared to diameter of the pipe. The friction factor for smooth pipes (e.g., brass tubing) decreases more rapidly with the increasing Reynolds number than for the pipe with comparatively rough walls.