What is the meaning of basidiocarp?
basidiocarp, also called basidioma, in fungi, a large sporophore, or fruiting body, in which sexually produced spores are formed on the surface of club-shaped structures (basidia). Basidiocarps are found among the members of the phylum Basidiomycota (q.v.), with the exception of the rust and smut fungi.
What is the meaning of basidiospores?
A basidiospore is a reproductive spore produced by Basidiomycete fungi, a grouping that includes mushrooms, shelf fungi, rusts, and smuts. Basidiospores typically each contain one haploid nucleus that is the product of meiosis, and they are produced by specialized fungal cells called basidia.
What is unit of basidiocarp?
In its simplest form, a basidiocarp consists of an undifferentiated fruiting structure with a hymenium on the surface; such a structure is characteristic of many simple jelly and club fungi. In more complex basidiocarps, there is differentiation into a stipe, a pileus, and/or various types of hymenophores.
What is difference between Basidium and Basidiocarp?
A basidium is the fruiting body of a mushroom-producing fungus, and it forms four basidiocarps. A basidiocarp is the fruiting body of a mushroom-producing fungus.
Is basal part of basidiocarp?
Stipe: It is the basal part of the basidiocarp. In this region the hyphae run longitudinally parallel to each other.
Which of these is a basidiocarp?
Which of these is a basidiocarp? A mushroom is a basidiocarp.
What are Arthrospores?
Arthrospores are a very primitive spore type, formed by the breaking up or disarticulation of fungal mycelia. Many yeast-like fungi such as the genera Geotricum and Trichosporon form arthrospores. These organisms require a series of biochemical tests for definitive identification.
What is the difference between basidia and basidiospores?
is that basidium is (mycology) a small structure, shaped like a club, found in the basidiomycota division of fungi, that bears four spores at the tips of small projections while basidiole is (mycology) an immature or aborted basidium; similar in shape but smaller in size.
What is the size of basidiocarp?
100–200 μm long
Basidiospore formation: Basidiocarps are 100–200 μm long, white to beige, and composed of rarely branched hyphae, 2.5–3 μm in diameter, and with clamp connections.
Is basidiocarp a membrane structure?
They have a nucleus surrounded by a membrane, and their replication is by both mitosis (asexual) and meiosis (sexual). Fungi range from simple, single-celled organisms, mostly yeasts, to complex filamentous mold species and basidiocarps (mushrooms).
Is a mushroom a sporocarp?
In fungi such as mushrooms, the sporocarp (also known as fruiting body or fruit body) is a multicellular structure on which spore-producing structures, such as basidia or asci, are borne.
What is basidiocarp membranous structure?
The mature basidiocarp is umbrella shaped and is divided into 3 parts namely stipe, pileus and gill. The stipe is thick, fleshy and cylindrical in structure. The upper part of the stipe possess a membranous structure called annulus.
What is a basidiocarp in plants?
What is Basidiocarp? Basidiocarp Definition (Biology): A basidiocarp, also known as a basidiome or basidioma, is the multicellular structure on which a basidiomycete’s spore-producing hymenium is carried. Basidiocarps are only found in hymenomycetes; rusts and smuts do not have these structures.
What is a mushroom with basidia called?
A mushroom which has basidia. In fungi, a basidiocarp, basidiome or basidioma, is the sporocarp of a basidiomycete, the multicellular structure on which the spore-producing hymenium is borne. Basidiocarps are characteristic of the hymenomycetes; rusts and smuts do not produce such structures.
What is a fruiting body of a basidiomycete?
basidiocarp – the fruiting body of a basidiomycete which bears its spores on special cells basidiomycete, basidiomycetous fungi – any of various fungi of the subdivision Basidiomycota fruiting body – an organ specialized for producing spores
How was the gathering of the diameter of the basidiocarp done?
The gathering of the diameter of basidiocarp was done by measuring the cross section of the basidiocarp and got the average.