Table of Contents

## What is Yang-Mills field?

Yang–Mills fields, which are also called gauge fields, are used in modern physics to describe physical fields that play the role of carriers of an interaction.

## What is quantum Yang-Mills theory?

Yang-Mills theory, in physics, a generalization of Scottish physicist James Clerk Maxwell’s unified theory of electromagnetism, also known as Maxwell’s equations, used to describe the weak force and the strong force in subatomic particles in terms of a geometric structure, or quantum field theory.

## Why is Yang-Mills theory important?

One of the most important results obtained for Yang–Mills theory is asymptotic freedom. This result can be obtained by assuming that the coupling constant g is small (so small nonlinearities), as for high energies, and applying perturbation theory.

## Is Yang-Mills theory solved?

Yang–Mills theory exists and satisfies the standard of rigor that characterizes contemporary mathematical physics, in particular constructive quantum field theory, and. The mass of the least massive particle of the force field predicted by the theory is strictly positive.

## Is the Standard Model A Yang-Mills theory?

The most important of these theories is the standard model of particle physics, which is our current best theory of how matter works. People sometimes describe the standard model as a Yang-Mills theory with an U(1)×SU(2)×SU(3) gauge symmetry.

## What are field theories?

Field theory is a psychological theory (more precisely: Topological and vector psychology) which examines patterns of interaction between the individual and the total field, or environment. The concept first made its appearance in psychology with roots to the holistic perspective of Gestalt theories.

## What is Yang-Mills and mass gap problem?

The successful use of Yang-Mills theory to describe the strong interactions of elementary particles depends on a subtle quantum mechanical property called the “mass gap”: the quantum particles have positive masses, even though the classical waves travel at the speed of light. …

## Is quantum electrodynamics a Yang-Mills theory?

By the 1950s, when Yang–Mills theory was discovered, it was already known that the quantum version of Maxwell theory—known as Quantum Electrodynamics or QED—gives an extremely accurate account of electromagnetic fields and forces.

## Is quantum electrodynamics a Yang Mills theory?

## What are gauge symmetries in physics?

Gauge symmetries characterize a class of physical theories, so-called gauge theories or gauge field theories, based on the requirement of the invariance under a group of transformations, so-called gauge transformations, which occur in a theory’s framework if the theory comprises more variables than there are physically …

## Who Solved Yang-Mills and Mass Gap?

mathematician Grigori Perelman

Russian mathematician Grigori Perelman was awarded the Prize on March 18 last year for solving one of the problems, the Poincaré conjecture—as yet the only problem that’s been solved. Famously, he turned down the $1,000,000 Millennium Prize.