What was Schopenhauer known for?

What was Schopenhauer known for?

Arthur Schopenhauer, (born February 22, 1788, Danzig, Prussia [now Gdańsk, Poland]—died September 21, 1860, Frankfurt am Main [Germany]), German philosopher, often called the “philosopher of pessimism,” who was primarily important as the exponent of a metaphysical doctrine of the will in immediate reaction against …

Who was the darkest philosopher?

Arthur Schopenhauer
Schopenhauer in 1859
Born 22 February 1788 Danzig (Gdańsk), Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth
Died 21 September 1860 (aged 72) Frankfurt, German Confederation
Nationality German

What is Schopenhauer’s philosophy?

Schopenhauer’s metaphysics and philosophy of nature led him to the doctrine of pessimism: the view that sentient beings, with few exceptions, are bound to strive and suffer greatly, all without any ultimate purpose or justification and thus life is not really worth living.

Why was Schopenhauer a pessimist about life?

Schopenhauer’s Pessimism Schopenhauer’s pessimistic vision follows from his account of the inner nature of the world as aimless blind striving. Because the will has no goal or purpose, the will’s satisfaction is impossible.

What was Nietzsche’s theory?

Nietzsche claimed the exemplary human being must craft his/her own identity through self-realization and do so without relying on anything transcending that life—such as God or a soul.

What did Schopenhauer study?

In 1809, Schopenhauer began studies at the University of Göttingen, where he remained for two years, first majoring in medicine, and then, philosophy. In Göttingen, he absorbed the views of the skeptical philosopher, Gottlob Ernst Schulze (1761–1833), who introduced him to Plato and Kant.

Did Darwin read Schopenhauer?

There can be no doubt that Darwin was aware of Schopenhauer’s work, but there is no evidence that their paths crossed. Arthur Schopenhauer – Wikipedia Schopenhauer was a German philosopher with a background in science, preceding Darwin’s generation on the European continent.

Was Arthur Schopenhauer married?

Schopenhauer, Kierkegaard, Nietzsche, Sartre and Wittgenstein were all unmarried and childless. Marx gave up philosophy, turning to economics and politics, when his children were still young. There are exceptions. Hegel married and had children.

How does Schopenhauer define genius?

“Genius is the power of leaving one’s own interests, wishes, and aims entirely out of sight… so as to remain pure knowing subject, clear vision of the world.”

Does Nietzsche believe in God?

Nietzsche rejects the Christian God, he is not ‘anti-religious. Nietzsche views Dionysian pantheism as a solution to the problems of pain and death, and argues for the flourishing of a new ‘festival,’ based on a humanity-affirming religion modeled on that of the ancient Greeks.

Who invented nihilism?

Friedrich Nietzsche
Nihilism has existed in one form or another for hundreds of years, but is usually associated with Friedrich Nietzsche, the 19th century German philosopher (and pessimist of choice for high school kids with undercuts) who proposed that existence is meaningless, moral codes worthless, and God is dead.

Did Schopenhauer get married?

Schopenhauer considered himself a singular philosopher on love. Three years after “Metaphysics of Love” was published, the 30-something Schopenhauer met Caroline Richter, with whom he’s thought to have had his longest relationship. The two never married, and their fling was decidedly on again, off again.

Who is Arthur Schopenhauer in philosophy?

ISBN 978-0198768715. Arthur Schopenhauer was the most famous and influential philosopher in Germany from 1860 until the First World War. Schopenhauer had a profound influence on two intellectual movements of the late 19th century that were utterly opposed to him: neo-Kantianism and positivism.

What is Schopenhauer’s the world as Will and representation?

^ Schopenhauer, Arthur. The World as Will and Representation. Vol. 1 Criticism of the Kantian philosophy. Translated by J. Kemp. With the proof of the thing in itself it has happened to Kant precisely as with that of the a priori nature of the law of causality.

What does Schopenhauer say about our own advantage?

But I also affirm that we may consult our own advantage and use them as we please, treating them in the way which best suits us; for their nature is not like ours, and their emotions are naturally different from human emotions.” Ethics, Part 4, Prop. 37, Note 1. ^ a b c d Clarke 1997, p. 68. ^ Schopenhauer, Arthur (1840). “Part IV”.

What did Schopenhauer die of?

The last friend to visit him was Wilhelm Gwinner; according to him, Schopenhauer was concerned that he would not be able to finish his planned additions to Parerga and Paralipomena but was at peace with dying. He died of pulmonary-respiratory failure on 21 September 1860 while sitting at home on his couch.