What was the main purpose of the Indian Removal Act of 1830 quizlet?
What was the Indian Removal Act of 1830? It gave the president the power to negotiate removal treaties with Indian tribes living east of the Mississippi River. Under these treaties, the Indians were to give up their land east of the Mississippi in exchange for lands to be west.
What was one result of American Indian removal for the Cherokee?
During their exodus to Indian Territory, Cherokees lost about a quarter of their population to disease, starvation and hardship.
How did the Indian Removal Act affect Native American?
The Removal Act paved the way for the forced expulsion of tens of thousands of American Indians from their land into the West in an event widely known as the “Trail of Tears,” a forced resettlement of the Indian population.
Does the Indian Removal Act of 1830 uphold the Declaration of Independence?
Answer: No, It doesn’t uphold the Declaration of independence. Explanation: The Indian Removal Act was signed into law on May 28, 1830, by United States President Andrew Jackson.
How did the Indian Removal Act affect Native American quizlet?
What was the overall affect? This caused the Native Americans to die in large numbers and have to share land with other tribes they didn’t know. It also opened up new regions to the country fro white Americans to explore and conquer.
Why did the Cherokees not move?
The removal of the Cherokees was a product of the demand for arable land during the rampant growth of cotton agriculture in the Southeast, the discovery of gold on Cherokee land, and the racial prejudice that many white southerners harbored toward American Indians.
What steps did the Cherokee take to avoid removal?
Cherokee attempts at resisting the removal by the United States included creating a formal Cherokee constitution, negotiating the Treat of 1819, and proceeding with legal action within the Supreme Court. These actions proved futile when Andrew Jackson was elected President and forcibly removed them for their land.
What general led the soldiers who forced the Cherokee off their land?
By 1838, only about 2,000 Cherokees had left their Georgia homeland for Indian Territory. President Martin Van Buren sent General Winfield Scott and 7,000 soldiers to expedite the removal process. Scott and his troops forced the Cherokee into stockades at bayonet point while whites looted their homes and belongings.
What were some effects of the Indian Removal Act?
Explanation: The Indian Removal Act of 1830 was signed into effect by President Jackson, which allowed Native Americans to settle in land within state borders in exchange for unsettled land west of the Mississippi. Many Native American tribes reacted peacefully, but many reacted violently.
What were the arguments for and against the Indian Removal Act?
They felt that building factories, expanding farming, and constructing new roads and railroads would be a better use of the land. These people also believed that the white ways of living were superior to the Native American ways of living. Other people felt it was wrong to remove the Native Americans.
How did the Cherokee initially respond to the Indian Removal Act quizlet?
How did the Cherokee respond to the act? The Cherokee decided to take it to the courts and they ended up having a hearing at the Supreme Court. He was a justice in the Supreme Court. He was apart of the Indian Removal Act case and favored the Indians.
How did the Supreme Court interpret the Indian Removal Act?
How did the Supreme Court interpret the Indian Removal Act? Tribes could choose to remain on their lands. Tribes had no right to any land in the new territories. Tribes had to abide by the decisions of the United States.
How did the Cherokee initially respond to the Indian Removal Act?
How did the Cherokee react to the Indian Removal Act? The Cherokee Nation did not want to be relocated so they took their case to the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court had ruled that the Cherokee were a formal nation and that they could not be relocated via the Indian Removal Act.
Which impact did the Trail of Tears have on the Cherokee people?
The Cherokee people called this journey the “Trail of Tears,” because of its devastating effects. The migrants faced hunger, disease, and exhaustion on the forced march. Over 4,000 out of 15,000 of the Cherokees died.
What two Indian tribes were removed from their lands?
In 1838, as the deadline for removal approached, thousands of federal soldiers and Georgia volunteers entered the territory and forcibly relocated the Cherokees, some hunting, imprisoning, assaulting, and murdering Cherokees during the process.
What Native American group were affected by the Indian Removal Act?
The Indian Nations themselves were force to move and ended up in Oklahoma. The five major tribes affected were the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, and Seminole.
In which way did the removal of Native American lands affect the native peoples?
In which way did the removal of Native American lands affect the Native peoples? They made a profit from selling the land to the U.S. government. They introduced their cultural practices to people across the country. They lost valuable sources of income and fell into poverty.
What was a major reason for the Indian Removal Act of 1830?
A major reason for the Indian Removal Act of 1830 was the Supreme Court ruling in 1823 of Johnson v. M’Intosh. In 1823, the court’s ruling that settlers in the South could not purchase lands from the Native Americans because they could not hold title to the lands even though they could occupy and control them.
How did the Indian Removal Act violate the Constitution?
Jackson warned the tribes that if they failed to move, they would lose their independence and fall under state laws. Jackson backed an Indian removal bill in Congress. Members of Congress like Davy Crockett argued that Jackson violated the Constitution by refusing to enforce treaties that guaranteed Indian land rights.
How did the Indian Removal Act of 1830 affect Native Americans in the Southeast?
The act authorized the president to grant Indian tribes unsettled western prairie land in exchange for their desirable territories within state borders (especially in the Southeast), from which the tribes would be removed.
Why did Congress pass the Indian Removal Act of 1830 Check all that apply?
The Indian Removal Act was a federal law that President Andrew Jackson promoted. Congress passed the law in 1830. Because Congress wanted to make more land in the Southeast available to white settlers, the law required Native Americans living east of the Mississippi River to move west of it.
What was the result of the Indian Removal Act quizlet?
Law passed by Congress in 1830 and supported by President Andrew Jackson allowing the U.S. government to remove the Native Americans from their eastern homelands and force them to move west of the Mississippi River. Resulted from Indians trying to return to their home land led by Chief Black Hawk.