When did ESDP become CSDP?

When did ESDP become CSDP?

The Treaty of Lisbon, signed in 2007, enters into force, renaming ESDP to Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP). It provides for the creation of the European External Action Service.

Which principle is the cornerstone of the EU single market?

Free movement of goods within the European Union is achieved by a customs union and the principle of non-discrimination.

Who heads the EU?

President of the European Commission
Flag of Europe
Incumbent Ursula von der Leyen since 1 December 2019
European Commission
Style President

Who are the five presidents of the EU?


  • Charles Michel. ALDE–BE. President of the European Council. (since 1 December 2019)
  • Ursula von der Leyen. EPP–DE. President of the European Commission. (since 1 December 2019)
  • Roberta Metsola. EPP–MT. President of the European Parliament. (since 11 January 2022)

Does Euratom still exist?

Since 2014, Switzerland has also participated in Euratom programmes as an associated state….European Atomic Energy Community.

show European Atomic Energy Community
Type International organisation
Members EU member states Associated states: Switzerland United Kingdom
Establishment 1958
• Euratom Treaty 1 January 1958

Does the EU have a strong military?

France, the biggest military power in the EU has an army of 270,000 active personnel, armed with 269 fighter jets, 180 naval ships and 406 tanks. Turkey on the other hand has an army of 355,000 active personnel, armed with 206 fighter jets, 149 naval ships, and 3,045 tanks.

What does the CSDP do?

The Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) enables the Union to take a leading role in peace-keeping operations, conflict prevention and in the strengthening of the international security. It is an integral part of the EU’s comprehensive approach towards crisis management, drawing on civilian and military assets.

What is the difference between the EU single market and customs union?

The EU is not only a single market – it is also a customs union. The countries club together and agree to apply the same tariffs to goods from outside the union. Once goods have cleared customs in one country, they can be shipped to others in the union without further tariffs being imposed.

What are the benefits of the EU single market?

The benefits of the single market for goods

  • a ‘home market’ of over 450 million consumers for their products.
  • easier access to a wide range of suppliers and consumers.
  • lower unit costs.
  • greater commercial opportunities.