When was the vinyl record invented?
In 1948, backed by Columbia Records, the first vinyl record was introduced at the soon-to-be standardized 33 1/3 rpm speed. It used microgroove plastic to extend a 12-inch record’s playtime to 21 minutes on each side.
When did vinyl records become popular?
And anyway, the real shift was decades in the making (see chart). Vinyl singles peaked with 228 million units in 1973, the first year tracked by the RIAA, and LP/EPs hit their top at 341.3 million in 1978. From 1984 to 1988, total vinyl shipments were cut by more than half, a process that would repeat.
How was vinyl discovered?
Thomas Edison took the Phonautograph in 1878 and created a way to actually hear the music. The device used a stylus to cut grooves into tinfoil to record and replay the sounds. In 1867, an inventor named Emile Berliner patented the gramophone, which is was the first vinyl record player.
What was the first vinyl record song?
Today marks 70 years to the day since Columbia Records first introduced the 12″ 33 1⁄3 RPM microgroove long playing record with a copy of Mendelssohn’s Concerto In E Minor, performed by violinist Nathan Milstein with the New York Philharmonic Symphony Orchestra conducted by Bruno Walter.
Who invented the first record?
The phonograph was invented in 1877 by Thomas Edison.
What country invented vinyl?
A little over a decade later, German-born US inventor Emile Berliner patented the very first vinyl record player – the Gramophone. This device had to be manually operated at 70 RPM and it functioned by playing a rubber vulcanite disc, 7 inches in size with small lateral grooves cut into its exterior.
Why are vinyls black?
Carbon has conductive properties, so adding it to the PVC increases the overall conductivity of the material, lessening the accumulation of static, and therefore, dust, on a record. By coloring records black with carbon-based pigment, manufacturers ensure their records last longer and sound better.
When did they stop making vinyl?
The analogue format made of polyvinyl chloride had been the main vehicle for the commercial distribution of pop music from the 1950s until the 1980s and 1990s when it was largely replaced by the compact disc (CD).
Who invented PVC?
What does 12-inch song mean?
The term “twelve-inch” usually refers to a vinyl single with one or more extended mixes or remixes of a song.
What are 78 records?
Any flat disc record, made between about 1898 and the late 1950s and playing at a speed around 78 revolutions per minute is called a “78” by collectors. The materials of which discs were made and with which they were coated were also various; shellac eventually became the commonest material.
What is the oldest recording?
1860 ‘Phonautograph’ Is Earliest Known Recording : NPR. 1860 ‘Phonautograph’ Is Earliest Known Recording Audio historians have found a sound recording that predates Edison’s phonograph by nearly 20 years.
What was the first vinyl record?
the invention of vinyl [in the beginning…] n 1888 a gentlemen named Emile Berliner invented the flat disc record. These very first discs were produced of a vulcanised rubber and were between 12.5cm and 18cm in diameter. ater he discovered that a mixture of shellac (a secretion from the lac beetle) and slate dust produced an extremely hard
What is the most popular vinyl record?
This week in particular, there have been some great reissues of old records on vinyl, including, Black Sabbath’s 1972 Vol. 4, Carole King’s Tapestry, Celine Dion’s Encore Un Soir, Roots and There’s No Place Like America by Curtis Mayfield, Creedence Clearwater Revival’s Pendulum, Holy Diver Live by Dio, and Phil Collins’ debut, Face Value.
What were records made of before vinyl?
Before Vinyl,There Was Shellac: 78s. When Thomas Edison invented the phonograph in 1877,the playback medium was cylindrical in shape.
Who first invented the VCR?
Designed for rack mounting or desktop configurations.