Which Gupta period literature give details on the art of painting?
The paintings of the Gupta period are seen at Bagh caves near Gwalior. The mural paintings of Ajantha mostly illustrate the life of the Buddha as depicted in the Jataka stories. The paintings at Sigiriya in Sri Lanka were highly influenced by the Ajantha style. The Gupta coinage was also remarkable.
Which type of literature was popular during Gupta rule?
The Prakrit was popular language of the Gupta period (as it was earlier). The Svetambara Jain canon have been written in Ardha-Magadhi Prakrit. The religious texts of the Digambara Jain (of south India) were written in the Maharashtri and Sauraseni Prakrits. The commentaries on Buddhist texts were written in Pali.
What is the time period of Gupta sculpture?
4th–6th centuries ce) During the 4th and the 5th centuries, when much of northern India was ruled by the Gupta dynasty, Indian sculpture entered what has been called its classic phase.
What was the literary contribution of the Gupta period?
This era is known for equal writing of prose and poetry. Sanskrit became the Lingua franca of India. Final editing of the Ramayana and Mahabharata took place in Gupta Period. Puranas, Smritis and Dharmashashtra literature was developed in the Gupta period.
How did religion influence the type of paintings and sculptures found in Gupta period buildings?
How did religion influence ancient Indian art? Most artists illustrated religious beliefs in their works, many of which can be seen in temples. Rich and powerful members of Gupta society paid artists to create works of beauty and significance.
Which subject matter is found the most in the Hindu Gupta period art?
Gupta period sculpture and painting In addition to its prolific production of Buddha images, the Gupta period is also known for its Hindu and Jain sacred imagery fashioned from terracotta, stone, and metal. Surviving terracotta examples include sculptural plaques that were meant to adorn the walls of temples.
Who is the literary figures of Gupta Age?
There were many literary figures of the Gupta Age. Two of them are Kalidasa and Sudraka. Kalidasa was the most famous Indian poet and playwright. Sudraka was also the great poet of the Gupta Age.
Which are the best example of architecture during the Gupta period?
Gupta Cave Shrines Notable examples are found at Udayagiri in Madhya Pradesh where one cave bears a date mark of 401 CE. Here in one shrine is one of the finest examples of Gupta art, the celebrated relief showing Vishnu in his incarnation as the boar-headed Varaha.
What forms of literature did Gupta writers create?
Much of the literature produced during the Gupta dynasty was poetry and drama. Narrative histories, religious and meditative writing, and lyric poetry emerged to enrich, educate, and entertain the people. Formal essays were composed on subjects ranging from grammar and medicine to math and astronomy.
What are the features of Gupta period?
Gupta Period is called Golden or Classical age of India partially due to the unprecedented activities and development in the arts, architecture, sculpture, painting and literature. The rock cut architecture reached at its zenith in Gupta era and a new beginning of free standing temple architecture began.
What elements characterized literature during the Gupta period?
What religion did the Gupta Empire follow?
Although the Gupta rulers practiced Hindu rituals and traditions, it is clear from these discoveries that the empire was characterized by religious freedom. Evidence of a Buddhist university within the region is further proof of the peaceful coexistence between Hindus and Buddhists.
What type of literature did the Gupta Empire have?
Literature: The Gupta period is remarkable for the production of secular literature, which consisted of a fair degree of ornate court poetry. Bhasa was an important poet in the early phase of the Gupta period and wrote thirteen plays. He wrote in Sanskrit, but his dramas also contain a substantial amount of Prakrit.
Why was the Gupta period called the Golden Age of Art?
The Gupta period is considered as the Golden Age of art and literature. A huge body of religious and secular literature was compiled in this period. The two great epics, the Ramayana and the Mahabharata were finally completed in the fourth century. The stories of both the epics symbolize the victory of good over evil.
What are the finest specimens of Buddhist art in Gupta times?
During the Gupta period beautiful images of the Buddha were fashioned at Sarnath and Mathura, but the finest specimens of Buddhist art in Gupta times are the Ajanta paintings. Although these paintings covered the period from the first century BC to the seventh century ad, most of them relate to Gupta times.
What was the relationship between Hindu and Buddhist art during Gupta rule?
While the early Gupta period shows an emphasis on Hindu art, the climax of Buddhist art, with all the previous tendencies combined into a classical statement, comes during the later period. Hindu art seems to have flourished in the Vidisha region during the reign of Chandra Gupta II.