Who led the hard bop band The Jazz Messengers?

Who led the hard bop band The Jazz Messengers?

Art Blakey
Hard bop first developed in the mid-1950s, and is generally seen as originating with the Jazz Messengers, a quartet led by pianist Horace Silver and drummer Art Blakey.

Who played in Art Blakey and the Jazz Messengers?

Art Blakey and the Jazz Messengers (1959–64) In 1958 Blakey formed a new lineup with four Philadelphia natives: Lee Morgan, Benny Golson, Bobby Timmons, and Jymie Merritt. This marked the beginning of probably the most fruitful period of the Jazz Messengers.

What are characteristics of hard bop?

Hard Bop Characteristics

  • A strong blues and gospel influence (Return to Roots).
  • It generally used minor keys/modes.
  • It was more emotive, raw, hot.
  • A strong driving rhythm, with a heavy backbeat (so accent on beats 2 & 4), which set up a solid rhythmic groove.
  • Slow & medium tempos.

Who was the leader of the most important and longest lasting hard bop ensemble?

A later style, known as hard bop, or funky, evolved from and incorporated elements of gospel music and rhythm and blues. Horace Silver was the most prominent pianist, composer, and bandleader in this period. Cannonball Adderley and Art Blakey led other hard bop combos.

Who is the father of bop?

Bop didn’t start until Bird arrived. Sax player, Charlie “Bird” Parker, like the others, had been a part of several bands in the early ’40’s.

Who co founded Jazz Messengers?

Horace Silver, Blakey founded the Jazz Messengers (1954), toured Europe, and recorded (1955–61) a brilliant string of records for the Blue Note label.

Who were the two leaders of the Jazz Messengers?

Horace Silver, Class Of ’56 Pianist Horace Silver was the Jazz Messengers’ original leader and, along with Blakey, the group’s co-founding father. His punchy, percussive, hard-swinging, funk- and Latin-fueled compositions and rhythms played a key role in establishing the band’s musical identity.

Who played trumpet for Art Blakey?

Edward Lee Morgan (July 10, 1938 – February 19, 1972) was an American jazz trumpeter and composer. One of the key hard bop musicians of the 1960s, Morgan came to prominence in his late teens, recording on John Coltrane’s Blue Train (1957) and with the band of drummer Art Blakey before launching a solo career.

What is hard bop?

noun. an aggressive, driving, hot style of modern jazz developed by East Coast musicians in the late 1950s as a rejection of the more relaxed, cool style of West Coast jazz.

What makes hard bop hard bop?

The hard bop style fused the hard-driving performances that epitomized bop with a sound anchored by a combination of rhythm and blues (R&B) and gospel music—simple melodies and rolling rhythms—that would later serve as the foundation for soul music and funk.

Who invented hard bop?

With many young talents under his tutelage, Art Blakey has often been called the father of hard bop. Evolving out of 1950s bebop, hard bop incorporates elements of gospel, soul and R&B.

Did hard bop emerged as a response to cool jazz?

Hard Bop was at the forefront of jazz and went through its most concentrated growth and development from 1951 – 19581. Hard bop was, in part, a reaction to cool jazz. Many jazz musicians felt that with cool jazz, the music had become too “classical” in nature, that is, too European (not enough “blues”).

Who was the original singer of hard bop?

The Jazz Messengers. Hard Bop is an album by drummer Art Blakey and The Jazz Messengers recorded in 1956 and originally released on the Columbia label. It was performed by the Jazz Messengers and usually recorded in CBS Street Studio.

Who are the Jazz Messengers?

The Jazz Messengers. The Jazz Messengers were an influential jazz combo that existed for over thirty-five years beginning in the early 1950s as a collective, and ending when long-time leader and founding drummer Art Blakey died in 1990.

What is hard bop by Art Blakey?

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Hard Bop is an album by drummer Art Blakey and The Jazz Messengers recorded in 1956 and originally released on the Columbia label. It was performed by the Jazz Messengers and recorded in CBS Street Studio.

What happened to Horace Silver and the Jazz Messengers?

A pair of earlier recordings from sessions in late 1954 and early 1955—released on Blue Note 10″ LPs as the Horace Silver Quintet, vol. 1 and vol. 2 —were subsequently reissued as a 12″ LP entitled Horace Silver and the Jazz Messengers. In 1956 Dorham left the band to go out on his own and was replaced by Donald Byrd.