Why were Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms important?
The Bill was introduced in India in 1919 and became Act of 1919. This Act, commonly known as Montague-Chelmsford Reforms. Resultantly, Indians demanded more representation and called for greater self-government. This could not be achieved without a formal rapprochement between Congress and Muslim League.
What are the main features of 1919 Act?
The Act provided a dual form of government (a “diarchy”) for the major provinces. In each such province, control of some areas of government, the “transferred list”, were given to a Government of ministers answerable to the Provincial Council.
What were the Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms 4 marks?
The Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms held out concessions to political parties provided that they accepted the right of the British to remain in control. The Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms disappointed the Muslims and Hindus as they had hoped for greater concessions.
What percentage of India was recommended by Montague-Chelmsford report?
The Islington Commission’s report (1917) had recommended that 25 percent of the higher government posts should go to Indians. That report had become a dead letter in 1918, when the Montagu-Chelmsford Report proposed Indian appointments to one-third of the posts.
What did the Montague Chelmsford report declared the policy of the government?
In August 1917 Montagu had informed the House of Commons that the policy of the British government toward India was thereafter to be one of “increasing association of Indians in every branch of the administration, with a view to the progressive realization of responsible government in India as an integral part of the …
How did Lokmanya Tilak criticized the Montague Chelmsford act?
He put before the British Cabinet a proposed statement regarding his intention to work towards the gradual development of free institutions in India with a view to ultimate self-government.
When were the Montague Chelmsford reforms introduced?
Montagu-Chelmsford Report, set of recommendations made to the British Parliament in 1918 that became the theoretical basis for the Government of India Act of 1919.
Which act is known as Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms Act?
the Government of India Act of 1919
In 1918, Edwin Montagu, the Secretary of State, and Lord Chelmsford, the Viceroy, produced their scheme of constitutional reforms, known as the Montagu-Chelmsford (or Mont-Ford) Reforms, which led to the enactment of the Government of India Act of 1919.
Why was Nehru Report rejected 7 marks?
One-third representation to Indian Muslims in Central Assembly was rejected: Nehru Report had given in report that one-third represent would not be granted to Muslims. And this demand was major demand of Indian Muslims. Moreover, special rights were not given to Muslims in Report.
When was Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms?
The reforms were outlined in the Montagu-Chelmsford Report, prepared in 1918, and formed the basis of the Government of India Act 1919. These are related to constitutional reforms. Indian nationalists considered that the reforms did not go far enough, while British conservatives were critical of them.
What was Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms Class 8?
This report introduced the bicameral legislature with 2 houses – the Legislative Assembly (forerunner of the Lok Sabha) and the Council of State (forerunner of the Rajya Sabha). The viceroy’s executive council had 8 members out of which 3 were to be Indians.
What was the Montagu–Chelmsford Reforms?
The most well-known post-war reform in British India was the passage of the Government of India Act of 1919, or the Montagu–Chelmsford reforms, after the two men who orchestrated its passage.
What is the Montagu-Chelmsford report?
Montagu-Chelmsford Report, which formed the basis of the Government of India Act 1919, was published on 8 th July 1918. The Montagu Chelmsford reforms and the ensuing Government of India Act of 1919 are important chapters in the history of the Raj.
Why did the Indian people oppose the Montague-Chelmsford Act?
On the contrary, Indian people opposed it because the Act went against Congress-League pact thus resulting in the Hindu opposition. Muslims partly accepted the Montague-Chelmsford reforms with certain reservations and demands regarding the safety of Muslim states.
Why was Lord Chelmsford sent to India in 1917?
In his famous August Declaration presented before the House of Commons on 20 th August 1917, Montague said that in order to satisfy the local demands, his government was interested in giving more representation to the natives in India. Lord Chelmsford was sent to India as the new Governor General.